This beautiful building was former residence of the Würzburg prince-bishops. It was built for Prince-Bishop Johann Philipp Franz von Schönborn, but by the time it was completed it served Friedrich Carl von Schönborn and the two following Würzburg prince-bishops.
*Correction: Previously, the Residenz’s location was listed as Munich.
Schloß Neuschwanstein was commissioned as a retreat by Ludwig II of Bavaria. Ludwig paid for the palace out of his personal fortune and by means of extensive borrowing, rather than Bavarian public funds. The palace has appeared prominently in several movies and was the inspiration for Disneyland’s Sleeping Beauty Castle.
Nicknamed “Nymph’s Castle,” the palace was commissioned by the prince-electoral couple Ferdinand Maria and Henriette Adelaide of Savoy. Max Emanuel, the heir to Bavaria, a sovereign electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, undertook a systematic extension of the palace. Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII Albert’s children also were born here.
Schloß Linderhof, the eventual result of a long period of building and rebuilding, is the only large palace King Ludwig II lived to see completed. King Ludwig II was so fascinated by the splendor of the Bourbon Court that he set out to recreate the palace and gardens of Versailles. He even built an ornate grotto and liked to be rowed over the lake in his golden boat. Now that’s luxury.
Heidelberger Schloß is one of the most famous castle ruins in the world and a great landmark of Heidelberg. The castle ruins are also among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps. It has been rebuilt multiple times, twice due to fires started by lightening bolts on two separate occasions. Talk about bad luck!
Schloß Lichtenstein has been destroyed twice: once in the Reichskrieg’s War of 1311 and again by the city-state of Reutlingen in 1381. The castle was not reconstructed and subsequently fell to ruin. Today, the castle is still owned by the Dukes of Urach, and contains a large collection of historic weapons and armor.
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