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Everything Non-Europeans Need To Know About Eurovision

A guide to the annual WTF event that is the Eurovision Song Contest.

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The Eurovision Song Contest is an annual singing competition among members of the European Broadcasting Union. Each country submits a song to be performed live on television and then votes for other countries' songs to determine the most popular tune.

Eurovision started in 1956 as a way to bring the EBU nations together after the devastation of World War II. The idea was to "rally the countries of Europe round a light entertainment programme." It's now one of the longest-running programs in history.

Any active member of the EBU can enter the competition. Because of this, eligibility has nothing to do with membership in the European Union or whether a country is actually located on the continent of Europe (Israel and Morocco have both competed).


Green: nations that have competed at least once. Yellow: countries that have never entered, although they are eligible to do so. Pink: countries that entered but then later withdrew.

Qualification is determined by two semi-finals, since there are now more countries that wish to participate than there is time to air every performance.


The United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Spain have qualified automatically every year since 2000 and were known as the "Big Four." Italy was added to the list of automatically qualified countries in 2010, now called the "Big Five." This decision caused some controversy.

The country that wins the competition hosts next year's contest, so countries incapable of financing the event sometimes send particularly ridiculous acts to Eurovision. Greece appeared to take that strategy for this year's competition.

Each country's votes and awarding of points are determined by a 50/50 combination of viewer votes and a jury of music professionals. After the performances are over during the final, the host country performs an act while votes are tallied.

After the interval performance ends, a representative from each voting country will appear on-screen to present the country's votes. Everyone has 10 votes. Countries award 1 to 8 points and then 10 and 12 points to their favorite songs.

Denmark won Eurovision 2013 with Emmelie de Forest's song "Only Teardrops." The country scored 281 points — 40 points higher than the second-place winner, Azerbaijan.


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