The series of steps leading up to a jumpA pattern of footwork that connects a series of jumpsA choreographed maneuver meant to gain speed before a jumpA choreographed sequence timed to music
A choreographed sequence timed to music
Step sequences are required and are used to demonstrate agility and precision.
Mens free skatePairs free skateLadies free skate
Ladies free skate
The ladies free skate lasts between 3:50 and 4:10, and the men and pairs free skates last between 4:20 and 4:40.
Technical element score and program component scoreJump element score and choreoagraphic scoreJump element score and non-jump element soreTechnical element score and presentation score
Technical element score and program component score
Technical element scores are based on execution and difficulty. Program components are based on artistry and presentation.
Quad jumps and triple jumpsToe jumps and edge jumpsFlip jumps and axel jumpsForward jumps and backward jumps
Toe jumps and edge jumps
For toe jumps, skaters would use the pick at the front of their blade to propel themselves into the jump. In edge jumps, skaters take off from just one foot without using the other.
When executing a toe loop, the skater takes off from and lands on the back outside edge of the right skate.
The skater catches their toe pick and cannot execute the jumpThe skater fails to land the jump and fallsThe skater bails out and completes just one rotationThe skater propels into the jump too early
The skater bails out and completes just one rotation
This results in point deductions.
The second jump takes off from the foot the first jump landed on.The second jump takes off from the opposite foot the first jump landed on.It doesn't matter which foot you land on or take off from.
The second jump takes off from the foot the first jump landed on.
If the jumps are separated by hops, steps, or unlisted jumps, then it's a jump sequence as opposed to a jump combination.
The base value of a quad is at least twice as high as the base value of a triple
This is why in men's skating, it's almost impossible to medal without quads in your program.
A spin that involves lateral movementA spin that precedes a jumpA spin that involves a jump entryA spin where both arms are outstretched instead of tucked into the sides
A spin that involves a jump entry
An example of this is the "flying sit spin" where the skater jumps into the air, then lands in a sitting position and performs a spin.
The toe loopThe SalchowThe AxelThe flip
This is the only jump where the skater takes off from the front of their blade. They land backward on their back outside edge.
CompositionSkating skillsStep sequenceInterpretation
Step sequence is not a program component. The program components are skating skills, transitions, performance and execution, choreography and composition, and interpretation.
Raise the difficulty of a step or choreographic sequenceAdd points unlisted jumpsMultiply a performance component baseAdd points to an element's base value
Add points to an element's base value
GOE, or Grade of Execution, ranges from -3 to +3. If a technical element is not executed well, it can subtract points from the base value.