Hitler was elected Chancellor in 1933, but consolidated power shortly after in 1934 by joining the offices of the Chancellor and President.
Nazi Germany declaring war on the U.S.Allied troops landing in NormandyThe U.S. bombing HiroshimaThe Pearl Harbor bombing
The Pearl Harbor bombing
Japan did not announce the Pearl Harbor attacks, instead bombing the Hawaiian military base while the U.S. and Japan were in negotiations with each other. The large-scale loss of life combined with the surprise of attack caused FDR to utter this famous line.
Hiroshima was bombed on August 6, 1945. The second atomic bomb was released over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. However, Kokura was the intended target of the second bomb.
Munich AgreementGeneva ConventionTreaty of VersaillesPotsdam Conference
The agreement, signed in 1938, allowed Nazi Germany's annexation of parts of Czechoslovakia. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain believed they had secured "peace in our time."
Anti-Comintern PactThe Nonaggression PactThe Pact of SteelThe Destroyer Deal
The Pact of Steel
Signed on May 22, 1939, this pact promised that Germany and Italy would support each other in the event of war. Mussolini originally wanted to call it the Pact of Blood.
Great Britain and FranceSoviet Union and FranceGreat Britain and ItalyGreat Britain and Soviet Union
Great Britain and France
Great Britain and France had promised military aid to Poland in the event of German aggression.
Germany, Japan, and ItalyUnited States, Soviet Union, Great BritainGreat Britain, France, Soviet UnionGermany, Soviet Union, and Poland
United States, Soviet Union, Great Britain
The 1945 Yalta Conference was a meeting attended by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin, and Winston Churchill to demand Germany's unconditional surrender.
Expand into a second "Roman Empire"Gain the approval of Hitler and Nazi GermanyRedistribute Chinese lands between itself and JapanHelp fight against Stalin's purges
Expand into a second “Roman empire”
Mussolini considered Italy a prisoner of the Mediterranean and believed large scale expansion and an increased Navy presence would give Italy more autonomy. He hoped to expand into North Africa by taking land from Great Britain and France.
War Powers ActTripartite PactMolotov–Ribbentrop PactNeutrality Act
The act was signed on September 27, 1939, ensuring mutual aid for any of the signatories, should they suffer attack from any nation not already involved in the war. It was meant to single out America and act as a warning against them joining the war.
Cracking Japanese fleet codesSuperior naval shipsMore experience with sea warfareThey didn't win
Cracking Japanese fleet codes
Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku had hoped to draw out U.S. forces by attacking near Pearl Harbor and defeating the rest of its fleet. Instead, with the help of U.S. Intelligence, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz was able to surprise the Japanese, resulting in a devastating loss in aircraft operators and mechanics.
United States and Soviet UnionChina and JapanUnited States and JapanSoviet Union and Italy
China and Japan
Japan was already attempting to expand its power into China. They were part of the Second Sino-Japanese War, which started in 1937.
Soviet UnionUnited States
Winter WarBattle of DunkirkBattle of DakarPearl Harbor
Battle of Dunkirk
Also known as the Dunkirk Evacuation. During the Battle of France, German soldiers cut off and surrounded Allied troops. A hastily gathered fleet of 800 ships transported a total of 338,226 men out of Dunkirk by crossing the English Channel.
Battle of BulgeBattle of OkinawaBattle of NurembergBattle of Stalingrad
Battle of Stalingrad
The Soviet Union successfully encircled and crushed the invading German army, dealing a fatal blow to Hitler’s eastern expansion.
German sea crafts proved too weak for battleThe war ended before he couldFrench troops intercededGermany couldn't demonstrate total air supremacy
Germany couldn't demonstrate total air supremacy
In the summer and fall of 1940, Germany and Great Britain engaged in intense air warfare over London, but the British Air Force eventually overpowered the Luftwaffe, leading Hitler to reconsider plans of invasion.
The scuttling of a German fleetThe Vichy France riotsThe Allied invasion of North AfricaFrance's refusal to round up Jewish citizens
The Allied invasion of North Africa
Allied forces antagonized Germany when they landed in North Africa in November of 1942 and French naval crews scuttled a fleet of French ships. Charles De Gaulle took control of the Vichy France territory St. Pierre and Miquelon during the invasion.
Battle of SalernoInvasion of SicilyCapture of AmalfiSaar Offensive
Invasion of Sicily
Allied forces had easily invaded Sicily, leading to the fall of Fascist Italy, arrest of Mussolini, and the establishment of a provisional government. German forces set up several defenses at Salerno to prevent further Allied advancement
The Moscow ConferenceAtlantic CharterProclamation 2714Potsdam Declaration
On July 26, 1945, Harry S. Truman, Clement Attlee, and Chian Kai-shek released a document promising that if Japan did not surrender, it would face “prompt and utter destruction." The declaration went ignored.
Ten Nazi leaders were killed after the Nuremberg Trials. Twelve were sentenced to death, but Martin Bormann was sentenced to death in absentia and Hermann Göring committed suicide the night before.