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If You Can Get More Than 8 Correct On This Science History Quiz, You're A Damned Genius

They shaped the modern world. The least we can do is to remember their names.

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  1. Which 19th century paleontologist discovered and researched Jurassic period fossils in England? 
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mary Anning
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Robert Ballard
    Correct
    Incorrect
    John Hammond
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Indiana Jones
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Mary Anning

    In 1811, Mary Anning thought she had found the skeleton of a crocodile, but it was actually an ancient fish-lizard that lived 200 million years ago. After teaching herself about geology, paleontology, biology and even scientific illustration, she discovered hundreds of fossils along the cliffs of the English channel.

    Mary Anning
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  2. Who discovered nuclear fission?
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    Ernest Rutherford
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Niels Bohr
    Correct
    Incorrect
    J. Robert Oppenheimer
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Lise Meitner
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Lise Meitner

    As a Jewish woman trying to study physics in Germany, Lise Meitner had everything working against her. She was excluded from classrooms and laboratories, and she was forced to work in a basement before she eventually fled Nazi-controlled Germany. Despite all that, she led the team that discovered nuclear fission, paving the way for nuclear energy.

    Lise Meitner
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  3. Who coined<br>the term
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    Enrico Fermi
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Marie Curie
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Werner Heisenberg
    Correct
    Incorrect
    James Chadwick
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Marie Curie

    Marie Curie investigated radioactive elements, and her discoveries led to a total reevaluation of the structure of the atom. She also discovered two chemical elements and was the first woman to be awarded a Nobel prize.

    Marie Curie
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  4. Who discovered the structure of DNA?
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    James Watson
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Craig Venter
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Rosalind Franklin
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mario Capecchi
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Rosalind Franklin

    While Rosalind Franklin was studying DNA, Maurice Wilkins–her lab colleague–reviewed her work and wrote his conclusions. Francis Crick published the discoveries in the scientific magazine Nature, and both scientists were awarded the Nobel prize in 1962. Sadly, Franklin passed away in 1958 before her contributions were widely recognized.

    Rosalind Franklin
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  5. Who refuted the hypothetical law of conservation of parity?
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    Chen-Ning Yang
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Tsung-Dao Lee
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Chien-Shiung Wu
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Gu Jing-Wei
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Chien-Shiung Wu

    Chien-Shiung Wu contradicted a fundamental law of physics when she discovered that elementary particles know the difference between right and left (a huge oversimplification, but it's kind of the easiest way to explain it). Thanks to this discovery, two of her colleagues were awarded the Nobel prize, but Wu was not included in the nomination.

    Chien-Shiung Wu
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  6. Who pioneered research into embryonic stem cells?
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    Carl Linnaeus
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Gail R. Martin
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Alexander Fleming
    Correct
    Incorrect
    E. O. Wilson
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Gail R. Martin

    Stem cells are a type of cell that can replicate on any kind of tissue, and they're about to revolutionize medicine forever. Gail Martin was the first person to isolate and grow the cells in vitro. In a few years, when we are able to print human organs, you have her to thank.

    Gail R. Martin
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  7. Who discovered<br>the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)? 
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    Louis Pasteur
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Jonas Salk
    Correct
    Incorrect
    David Baltimore
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

    During the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s, scientists were shocked because they didn't know what was causing the outbreak. Françoise Barré identified the human immunodeficiency virus as the origin of the disease and her discovery was essential for the development of newer and better treatments.

    Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  8. Who discovered pulsars?
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    Jocelyn Bell
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Carl Sagan
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Neil DeGrasse Tyson
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Stephen Hawking
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Jocelyn Bell

    A neutron star is similar to the nucleus of an atom ... except that it's the size of Mount Everest and has the mass of three Suns. These super dense stars rotate at three times the speed of sound and emit intermittent light, radio waves, and very powerful electromagnetic radiation. Jocelyn Bell discovered these celestial bodies when she was only 24.

    Jocelyn Bell
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  9. Who discovered that the Earth has a solid core?
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    Charles Francis Richter
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Inge Lehmann
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Alfred Wegener
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Socrates
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Inge Lehmann

    Before Inge Lehmann, seismologists believed that the Earth contained only molten rock. In 1936, Inge discovered that at the center of the molten outer core was a solid inner core. Lehmann died at the age of 104, making her the longest living female scientist in history.

    Inge Lehmann
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  10. Who discovered the genes for breast cancer?
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    James Watson
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Charles Darwin
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Gregor Mendel
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mary-Claire King
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Mary-Claire King

    Among other things, Mary-Claire King is famous for her work in the field of genetics, and she was the first to prove that humans share 99% of their genome with chimpanzees. Her investigations into cancer has led to the detection and treatment of the disease in millions of patients.

    Mary-Claire King
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images
  11. Who wrote the first computer program?
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    Correct
    Incorrect
    Ada Lovelace
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Tim-Berners Lee
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Steve Wozniak
    Correct
    Incorrect
    Mark Zuckerberg
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Ada Lovelace

    Lord Byron's daughter was the first programmer ever ... way back in the 19th century! Without her, you wouldn't be taking this quiz right now.

    Ada Lovelace
    Via Wikicommons / Getty Images

This post was translated from Spanish.

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