1. Castell Caerffili
Meaning: “Caerphilly Castle”
Location: Caerphilly, Caerphilly
Fun fact: The lakes surrounding the castle, which was built during the 13th century, are artificial- they were built as a defense system.
2. View from the Rheilffordd y Graig
Meaning: “Aberystwyth Cliff Railway”
Location: Aberystywth, Ceredigion
Fun fact: The Railway used to be the longest cliff railway in the British Isles.
Meaning: “the bridge on the monk”
Location: Devil’s Bridge, Ceredigion
Fun fact:The bridge for which the village is named is actually three bridges, each built on top of the other. The oldest was built circa the 12th century.
4. The Dan yr Ogof cave system
Meaning: “under the cave”
Fun fact: The cave system is eleven miles long.
5. Pistyll Rhaeadr
Meaning: “spring of the waterfall”
Location: Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant, Powys
Fun fact: The cliff face over which the water falls is 240 feet tall.
Meaning: “Gelert’s grave”
Fun fact: Legend tells that Beddgelert was named after Gelert, a hound belonging to Llywelyn the Great.
7. Llyn Llydaw
Meaning: “Brittany Lake”
Fun fact: Snowdon, for which the region/national park is named, is the highest mountain in Wales.
8. Castell Biwmares
Meaning: “Beaumaris Castle”
Location: Beaumaris, Isle of Anglesey
Fun fact: The castle is nearly seven hundred years old.
9. Castell Cas-gwent
Meaning: “Chepstow Castle”
Location: Chepstow, Monmouthshire
Fun fact: The castle was built during the reign of William I the Conquerer (1066-1087).
10. Llyn Conwy
Meaning: “Conwy Lake”
Fun fact: Llyn Conwy is the source of the River Conwy.
11. Llyn y Dywarchen
Meaning: “the Turf Lake”
Location: Rhyd Ddu, Gwynedd
Fun fact: There used to be a “floating island” in the lake that has since disappeared; it was most likely a piece of bank that had broken off.
12. Cwm Elan
Meaning: “Elan Valley”
Location:Rhaeadr Gwy, Powys
Fun fact: The Elan Valley Trail is a popular destination for cyclists.
13. Castell Cricieth
Meaning: “Criccieth Castle”
Location: Criccieth, Gwynedd
Fun fact: The castle was set on fire in 1404 by the forces of Owain Glyndŵr; some stones still show the scorch marks.
14. Tryfan and Llyn Ogwen
Meaning: “three peaks” and “Ogwen Lake”
Fun fact: Tryfan is the fifteenth highest mountain in Wales.
15. The lighthouse of Ynys Llanddwyn
Meaning: “Llanddwyn Island;” Llanddwyn means “the church of St. Dwynwen”
Location: Ynys Llanddwyn, Anglesey
Fun fact: St. Dwynwen is the Welsh equivalent of Saint Valentine.
16. Castell Coch
Meaning: “Red Castle”
Location: Cardiff, Cardiff
Fun fact: The castle was built during the 19th century on top of the remains of a 13th century establishment.
17. South Stack Lighthouse
Location: Ynys Lawd (South Stack), Anglesey
Fun fact: The lighthouse is 91 feet tall.
18. Three Cliffs Bay
Location: Swansea, Swansea
Fun fact: Pennard Castle, which sits on high ground about 500 yards from the main beach, is associated with legends of fairies.
19. Afon Dyfrdwy
Meaning: “River Dee”
Location: Llangollen, Denbighshire
Fun fact: The river forms part of the Welsh-English border.
20. Castell Dolbadarn
Meaning: Dolbadarn Castle
Fun fact: The castle sits at the base of the Llanberis Pass (Bwlch Llanberis).