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More Than 5,000 People Killed In Jihadi-Related Violence During November

New data from the BBC World Service and academics at King's College London shows that there were more than 600 attacks in 14 countries in the month of November alone.

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The human toll of conflicts involving jihadi fighters was laid bare today as new figures showed that more than 5,000 people were killed by them during November.

A US air strike against ISIS forces on Tilsehir Hill at the Turkey-Syria border in October.
Getty Images /BULENT KILIC / Staff

A US air strike against ISIS forces on Tilsehir Hill at the Turkey-Syria border in October.

The data, gathered by the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) at King's College London and the BBC, shows that 5,042 people were killed in 664 attacks across 14 countries during November 2014.

On the worst single day, 2 November, 410 people were killed in 41 separate attacks, the researchers found.

The researchers identified 16 jihadi groups who claimed responsibility for the attacks, including the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), which was responsible for 308 attacks and 2,206 deaths – or 44% of the total deaths counted.

The study defines "jihadism" as "as a modern revolutionary political ideology mandating the use of violence to defend or promote a particular very narrow vision of Sunni Islamic understandings".

Iraq suffered the month's highest jihadi-related death toll, the study found.

Flickr: 80497449@N04 / Creative Commons

Nigeria was the next worst-affected country, "highlighting the deadly nature of Boko Haram's bomb attacks", the researchers said.

Flickr: 80497449@N04 / Creative Commons

The most bloody single attack was at the Grand Mosque in Kano, Nigeria,

Four countries – Iraq, Nigeria, Syria, and Afghanistan – accounted for 80% of deaths.

The researchers also break down the kinds of people who died: 2,079 civillians were killed, against 1,723 military personnel and 935 jihadis.

ISCR director Peter Neumann said:

First and foremost, our data highlights the significant human cost of jihadism. In just one month, jihadist groups killed 5,042 people – the equivalent of three attacks on the scale of the London bombings in July 2005 each day.

The data makes it clear that jihadists and al-Qaeda are no longer one and the same. Sixty per cent of jihadist deaths were caused by groups that have no formal association with al Qaeda, and they are the ones who will vie for leadership of the movement.

The overall picture is that of an increasingly ambitious, complex, sophisticated and far-reaching movement. Though comparisons are difficult, it seems obvious that the jihadist movement – which, only three years ago, everyone expected to be in a state of terminal decline – are stronger than ever, and that countering them will be a generational challenge.

Patrick Smith is a senior reporter for BuzzFeed News and is based in London.

Contact Patrick Smith at patrick.smith@buzzfeed.com.

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