Quebec Still Hasn’t Followed Through On Its Trans Rights Promise

    "Right now we're keeping trans people in a place of distress."

    Quebec passed Bill 35 in December 2013, a piece of legislation that would mean trans people no longer require invasive surgery before being allowed to change their sex on government documents.

    Courtesy of Gabrielle Bouchard

    But now, closing in on two years later, nothing has actually changed.

    "We have a potential for change but for now nothing has been done," said Gabrielle Bouchard, the Peer support and Trans advocacy Coordinator for the Centre for Gender Advocacy.

    As is, those who wish to change the sex marker on provincial identification must undergo either a hysterectomy or a vaginoplasty. It's essentially forced sterilization, said Bouchard, in addition to being a violation of a person's privacy and bodily integrity.

    "In order to be administratively recognized by the state, you need to be surgically modified by the state. And that's problematic," she told BuzzFeed Canada.

    "Some people do want surgeries but it shouldn't be linked with your legal identity."

    The Centre For Gender Advocacy along with four trans Quebec residents have filed a lawsuit against the province's attorney general to update the civil code. That too is stalled.

    BuzzFeed Canada

    The group wants the province to change not only how gender marker requests are handled, but also the rules around legal name changes.

    "Basically what we're doing is trying to address all the articles of the civil code that have an impact because of gender on trans people in their life, from birth to death," said Bouchard.

    While Quebec has done away with a rule that forced anyone changing their name to publish both their old and new name along with their address, advocates still want changes.

    The current rules, for example, say only those 18 and over can change their names. Having a name that doesn't match official records puts younger Quebecers at risk of being outed, said Bouchard. They're also fighting to allow parents to change their title on birth certificates. As is, someone could be listed as the "Mother" when they are in fact a "Father."

    But, for now, the legal action can't move forward until Quebec settles on how it will handle gender marker changes.

    "We're stuck in limbo because the same person who's not enacting the law is the general attorney," said Bouchard.

    "Right now we're keeping trans people in a place of distress."

    Quebec attempted to make some headway earlier this year with a commission evaluating what the new rules regarding gender marker changes should look at.

    Liberal Party of Quebec / Via

    Advocacy groups, however, found the results uninspiring.

    The proposed regulations included having a third party testify that the person seeking the change had lived under their gender identity for at least two years, including in their appearance. They would also require a letter from a doctor or other healthcare professional.

    "All groups who went there said 'you’re fucking kidding me,'" said Bouchard. Beyond the vagueness of what appearing as one gender or another even means, advocates say determination is all that should be required.

    In Ontario, for example, applicants need a letter from a doctor but do not need to undergo surgery or endure a waiting period.

    BuzzFeed Canada reached out to Justice Minister Stéphanie Vallée for comment last week but we have yet to hear back.

    Lauren Strapagiel is a reporter for BuzzFeed News and is based in Toronto, Canada.

    Contact Lauren Strapagiel at

    Got a confidential tip? Submit it here