What it means: A discrete amount of energy, something very small.
What it doesn’t do: Clean your dishes while making light pour out of the dishwasher.
What it means: In a scientific sense, organic just means that something is derived from living matter. To be fair, though, under EU law products labelled organic have to meet certain criteria, relating to animal welfare, wildlife conservation and more. So it does mean something.
What it doesn’t mean: That something is necessarily healthier than a non-organic alternative, or automatically good for you.
What they are: A class of chemicals (gasp!) that form the building blocks of proteins. There are nine essential amino acids you need to get from food because your body can’t make them.
What they don’t do: Yes, they are vital for collagen formation. But smearing amino acids over your face (in a face cream) will not necessarily help your skin.
What it means: ABSOLUTELY NOTHING. Pretty much everything has “chemicals” in, because it’s such a broad term.
What it doesn’t mean: In the same vein as “natural” this implies something is good for you while tarring chemicals as the worst thing in the world. Which they aren’t. Because they are EVERYTHING.