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25 Surprising Facts About Sleep

Some animals can sleep with just half their brain at a time. So jealous.

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1. There's a part of your brain that regulates your circadian rhythms with the help of light.

en.wikipedia.org

It’s a bit like a master clock for your body, and it's called the "suprachiasmatic nucleus". It lives just above part of your brain called the optic chiasma and receives input from your eyes about the amount of light in the outside world.

2. Blind people often have trouble with sleep because daylight is so important to regulating circadian rhythms.

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About half of all blind people who have no light perception at all suffer from non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder, where their internal clock doesn't match up with the day and night cycle.

3. We tend to sleep a few minutes less per night around a full moon.

en.wikipedia.org / Gregory H. Revera

A study published this year showed that humans get less sleep, and less deep sleep, around the full moon, even if they sleep in a windowless room.

10. No matter how much you try, you won't be able to dramatically alter your internal clock.

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Scientists have found a protein that lives in your cells and stops you from being able to change your sleeping patterns, so some people will always be night owls. Damn you, CRTC1-SIK1 pathway.

13. The record for the longest period without sleep is 11 days.

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It was set by Randy Gardner in 1965. Others have claimed that they've gone without sleep for longer, but Guinness World Records no longer keeps records of voluntary sleep deprivation attempts due to associated health risks.

19. In fact, lack of sleep is like being drunk.

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A study showed that after 17–19 hours without sleep, people do similarly on performance tests to those close to the safe limit for drink driving. After being awake longer, they do even worse.

20. Sleep disruption caused by working nights is even classified as a potential cause of cancer by the World Health Organisation.

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Shift work involving disruption of normal sleep routines is currently classified as an “IARC 2A carcinogen”. Studies have shown that long-term night workers have a higher risk of breast cancer than women who don't work at night.

21. Sadly, you can’t escape sleep problems by escaping Earth.

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Going to space would probably make everything a whole lot worse. Without a natural day/night cycle, astronauts' internal clocks could start to get out of sync. On a 17-month simulated Mars mission, four out of six of the crew members had sleep problems.

22. But there’s some good news! You can catch up on lost sleep.

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But there's no shortcut to repaying your sleep debt. It’s a case of sleeping those extra hours that you missed. If you miss one hour a night for a year, that’s over two weeks you’ll have to catch up on. Better get started.

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