Black Lives Matter Toronto's Co-Founder On What The Group Has Accomplished

    An interview with Sandy Hudson, co-founder of Black Lives Matter Toronto.

    by ,

    Black Lives Matter Toronto just wrapped up a two-week protest in front of the city's police headquarters after the group got commitments from city and provincial leaders to review how police shootings are investigated in Ontario.

    Cole Burston / THE CANADIAN PRESS

    Toronto city council voted unanimously last week for a motion that asks the province to review police services in Toronto and within Ontario's Special Investigations Unit to address anti-black racism. The SIU investigates serious incidents involving police, including sexual assault allegations and deaths.

    The camp-in started when no charges were laid against the police officer who shot and killed Andrew Loku, a 45-year-old man from South Sudan who was living in a building for people with mental illness. Loku allegedly refused to drop a hammer and was shot dead by the officer.

    Black Lives Matter dismantled its "tent city" after Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne met with members and promised to take their concerns seriously.

    BuzzFeed Canada spoke with Black Lives Matter Toronto's co-founder Sandy Hudson about the protest, the group's goals, and a controversial tweet that threatens to overshadow much of the group's advocacy.

    Paige Gallette
    Cole Burston / THE CANADIAN PRESS

    You've packed up the camp. Why now and do you feel you accomplished the goals you set at the beginning?

    Sandy Hudson: We accomplished the most important goal, which wasn't a published goal. That was to try to make sure our community felt held, were able to come together to express their rage, create with one another, have joy with one another. And also to understand that there is power within them to demand justice for our community. For us, that was accomplished.

    Black Lives Matter Toronto / Facebook
    Black Lives Matter Toronto / Facebook

    Why was it important to have a physical presence there, in front of police headquarters? Obviously there are other ways of activism but you stuck it out in two weeks in pretty harsh weather conditions.

    SH: We also wanted the wider community to know how important this is to us. It was so difficult being out there in those harsh environments. Nobody wants to do that. But we so strongly believed that we could show people how important this was, what an injustice this was, by using our own bodies. Because nothing else had worked.

    Cole Burston / THE CANADIAN PRESS

    There are some people who seem to think this camp-in came out of nowhere, that it came after not trying anything else.

    SH: We tried so many other things to get the decision makers to listen to us. Of course, folks will remember the Allen Road shutdown [in July 2015, when protesters shut down a road near the building where Andrew Loku was fatally shot by police]. But even before that we tried so many other things.

    We've held vigils, we've sent letters to decision makers. We've called the SIU, sent emails to the SIU, and they've ignored or avoided us. We asked for public meetings, which were denied. It is so difficult to be ignored over and over and over again, on an issue that is just so important. We're talking about death in our community, and we didn't really have anywhere else to turn.

    This was a remarkable six-minute exchange. They agreed to follow up with a proper meeting.

    You've gotten a pledge out of Premier Kathleen Wynne to review the SIU. Toronto City Council passed a unanimous motion to that effect, calling for more accountability. Did you expect that city and provincial leadership would eventually pay attention or respond?

    SH: We didn't expect it but we knew that eventually something would happen, because that's what our conviction is. We're so sure that we can win this, and that's what keeps us out there continuing to fight for this. It's what makes us realize this isn't all hopeless.

    I was surprised to see Kathleen Wynne come out and make the commitment that she did, but I'm also cognizant that that happened after two weeks. Especially Mayor John Tory is attempting to position the idea of a "meeting" as all that is necessary. And I'm a bit nervous that the media or people who heard this story will think we won and it's OK to stop paying attention.

    But we need a lot more than meetings. We need commitments to deal with this issue [of police violence]. This is something people have been talking about since the early '90s. It's very urgent, and it can't go on.

    This was removed by @yusrakhogali from twitter after I tweeted about it. She is co-founder #blacklivesmatterTO

    Now that the action is over, local columnist Jerry Agar found an old tweet from Yusra Khogali, a Black Lives Matter member, that then became a major news story. It's getting a lot of attention, maybe more than any specific day of the camp-in got. What do you make of that disparity, and how did the media cover the Black Lives Matter tent city protest?

    SH: I don't want to play this media game of "You need to come on here and respond to this particular thing we're asking you to respond to." No, I won't do it. I'm only going to talk about what I think is important, which is the loss of life in our community at the hands of state forces, and the refusal to do anything about it.

    For us it has taken months and months and months to get the media to pay attention in the way they did in the last two weeks. We've been trying through press releases, media advisories, op-eds, all sorts of things, to try to get the media to pay attention to anti-black racism in our midst. It was putting our bodies outside for two weeks that we finally got the media to start paying attention to what was going on.

    This less than 140-character thing that Yursa put out [that is] not related to any of this, from months ago — the media are clamouring over each other. With the amount of emails, phone calls, Facebook messages, Twitter DMs, from media outlets asking us to respond to this, it's unbelievable. It's offensive. People have died in our community and that does not get nearly the same amount of attention as this tweet.

    It also points to, if I can be quite honest, a problem in journalism across this country. The people who are represented in journalism in this country are overwhelmingly white, and there's a diversity problem there. The people who are choosing the stories are not necessarily doing that in a way that is in the interest of all communities.

    Black Lives Matter Toronto / Facebook

    When Black Lives Matter had a vigil for Michael Brown across from the American consulate in Toronto in 2014, there was a request on the Facebook event that white allies make space for black people, to refrain from talking to media and not hijack the event. The media reports about that rally ended up not being about the rally, but about what white allies were asked to do. Does it seem like there's a trend of covering Black Lives Matter from the perspective of white feelings?

    SH: Absolutely. Even when we left a wreath and a photo of Andrew Loku at Kathleen Wynne's house, it was like 'The bomb squad is being called in.' We got that address from somewhere. We didn't conjure it out of thin air. It came from other activists, from other movements, who held actions that were way more than leaving a wreath on her doorstep. Those organizations have never experienced what we did, which was that hours later after we were all gone, a bomb squad was called in. It's unreal! I don't understand how this is happening.

    So this all started with a call for police reform. There have been some pledges to do that. Is there a specific shape you want things to take as this goes forward?

    SH: I would like to see more transparency. In reviewing the SIU, if the cities and municipalities aren't willing to release the names and histories of infractions of police officers and whether or not they're still on the street, then the SIU should demand a level of accountability and transparency [from local police forces]. With respect to Andrew Loku, we've got witnesses who are talking to us and telling us that the SIU's report is contradicted by what they heard and what they saw. There's no way for a member of the community to voice concern over that or gave any accountability measures to double-check that.

    With respect to Jermaine Carby [who was shot dead at a traffic stop in 2014 by a Peel Regional Police officer], again there was only a short report and an acknowledgement that evidence had been tampered with in that case and police officers had acted incorrectly. And still there was a decision not to lay charges and take it to a court of law. And there was no explanation of that. The public doesn't have access to information that they should have access to.

    Black Lives Matter Toronto / Facebook
    Black Lives Matter Toronto / Facebook

    Just going back to what you mentioned about the atmosphere of the camp itself, about feeling anger, joy, solidarity — can you explain what these two weeks have meant for Black Lives Matter in Toronto?

    SH: It was extremely emotional for me. The community that was created exceeded anything that I expected. I was eating better at the camp than I do at home sometimes. I was unreal the amount of generosity that people displayed, and the way people were willing to come and just contribute to the space. So often we had DJs, performers, storytellers, dancers come by and just say, 'Hey, we're here. We wanted to see if there's something we could do for the group.' It was beautiful.

    We also had a strong Indigenous community presence there that was saying, "This is Indigenous land. This is our land, and on our land we do believe that black lives matter." There were a lot of black folks there but also a lot of people from other communities who said they would be there and stand with us because they, too, see that there's something wrong.

    I don't even know what to tell you. What did it mean to me? It was one of the most beautiful things I've ever been a part of in my life.

    This interview has been edited for clarity and length.

    Ishmael N. Daro is a reporter for BuzzFeed News and is based in Toronto. PGP fingerprint: 5A1D 9099 3497 DA4B

    Contact Ishmael N. Daro at

    Lauren Strapagiel is a reporter for BuzzFeed News and is based in Toronto, Canada.

    Contact Lauren Strapagiel at

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