Red wine gets its color from the skin of the grapes.
Did you know that mostly all wine grapes have clear juice? Red wine gets its color from the skin of the grapes. When red wine is fermented, it is kept in contact with the grape skins. In addition to color, the skin also gives wine tannins (which is the dry taste you can get when you take a sip of red wine).
Someone bought the world's most expensive wine for $500,000.
The most expensive wine ever sold was a bottle of Screaming Eagle Cabernet Sauvignon from 1992. It sold for a whopping half a million dollars at a charity wine auction in Napa Valley.
Napa Valley produces a tiny percentage of U.S. wine.
When you think of the U.S. wine industry, you probably think of Napa Valley. That's probably because it's one of the most talked about well-regarded wine areas. But Napa Valley actually only produces 4% of all California wine. That's waaayy less than 1/4 of all the wine produced in the U.S.
Rotted grapes make the finest dessert wines in the world.
It may sound pretty gross, but many of the world's best dessert wines are made from rotted grapes. There's a certain type of fungus called noble rot. that shrivels up the grapes, leaving a high concentration of sugar. Those grapes are then used to make amazing dessert wines like Rieslings and French Sauternes.
Most wine is not meant to be aged.
There are certain types of wine that will age well, like dessert wines and high acid, high tannin reds. But the truth is only about 10% of wine produced is meant to be aged. If you wait years to drink a bottle of mid-priced California Sauvignon Blanc, you'll probably find that the wine has gone bad. As a general rule, if you buy a bottle of wine for under $30 it's meant to be drank young.
France is not the birthplace of wine.
French wine very well may be considered the crème de la crème, and it's true that wine growers around the world are always trying to copy what the French are doing in Bordeaux, Burgundy, and Champagne. But wine is not from France. The birthplace of wine is thought to be the Caucasus region, made up of Georgia, Armenia, Iran, and Turkey. In Georgia, archeologists have discovered a history of wine that dates back 8,000 years.
You can make rosé wine by blending red and white wine.
While it's not the most common (or preferred) method of making rosé, winemakers can produce a blush wine by adding some red wine to a vat of white wine. That's called the blending method. More often, though, rosé gets its color because it is left in contact with red grape skins for a short amount of time.
A glass of wine contains much more than 50 calories.
A standard 5 oz. wine pour usually contains about 120 calories. Obviously, that number will vary depending on what kind of wine you are drinking: Wines that are higher in alcohol have more calories. So while a flute of Champagne might have closer to 100 calories, a glass of California Zinfandel could be closer to 200 calories.
Pinot Noir can be made into red, white, or rosé wine.
If you drink Pinot Noir, you probably know it as a red wine. But as strange as it might sound, you can find white and rosé Pinot Noir too. You'll find white Pinot Noir in Champagne, France, Oregon, and even California. It often tastes richer than your typical white wine because it is made with red wine grapes, but the final wine is white because the juice doesn't stay in contact with the skins during fermentation.
Wine is grown in Hawaii.
You probably don't associate Hawaii with wine, but the state does produce wine. In fact, every single U.S. state makes wine. The state has three main wineries on Maui, Oahu, and Hawaii Island, and they produce fruit wine like pineapple wine. Supposedly, it tastes rich and juicy, sort of like a Chardonnay that's been aged in oak.
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