Liver and biliary tract disordersEar, nose, and throat issuesJoint and autoimmune diseasesCancer of the blood and bone
Rheumatologists treat joint and autoimmune diseases.
Rheumatology is a sub-specialty of internal medicine that deals with a group of complex musculoskeletal and autoimmune diseases that affect the joints, muscles, bones, and tendons called "rheumatic diseases." They treat both acute and chronic conditions and you'd see them for things like arthritis, lupus, tendonitis, or gout.
GallbladderKidneysPancreasLiverAll of the above
A nephrologist focuses on the kidneys.
Nephrology is a sub-specialty of internal medicine that focuses on the kidney and kidney diseases. Specialists usually treat people with renal (kidney) failure from diabetes or hypertension who need dialysis, and they facilitate kidney transplants.
The feetThe eyesThe liverThe spineThe esophagus
Hepatologists specialize in disorders of the liver.
Hepatology is a sub-specialty of internal medicine or gastroenterology that deals with the liver and the biliary tract. Specialists treat diseases like cirrhosis of the liver and hepatitis C, and they also treat patients who need liver transplants.
Infants less than 1 year oldPregnant womenChildren with genetic disordersElderly peopleBlind and deaf people
Gerontologists treat elderly people.
Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the health of elderly people. Gerontologists have special knowledge of the aging process and skills in therapeutic, rehabilitative, and preventive medicine for elderly patients.
To treat a broken footTo deliver a babyTo treat a severe food allergyTo treat cancer
You'd see an oncologist to treat cancer.
Oncologists are specialized in the treatment of malignant tumors and cancers. An oncologist may further specialize in a specific treatment method such as medical chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation or a certain type of cancer such as gynecologic or pediatric.
Stomach and intestinesGeneticsAllergiesIntegumentary organsSpine and neck
Immunology deals with allergies.
Immunologists or "allergists" specialize in the immune system and issues like allergies and autoimmune disorders. They manage conditions like eczema, food and drug allergies, rhinitis, and immunodeficiency.
Endocrine systemCirculatory systemDigestive systemSkeletal systemNervous system
Gastroenterologists deal with the digestive system.
Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the function and disorders of the digestive organs such as the esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and bowels. Specialists treat issues like ulcers, IBS, and stomach cancer.
Hematology deals with diseases of the blood!
Hematologists focus on the function and diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs such as the vascular system, lymphatic system, bone marrow, or spleen. They treat things like hemophilia, lymphoma, or sickle-cell anemia.
Diagnose diseases using X-rays, MRIs, PET scans.Administer radio frequency waves to the brain.Examine fluids, tissues, and cells for evidence of disease.Treat people who've been exposed to radiation.Facilitate communication through radios among hospital and emergency staff.
A radiologist diagnoses diseases using X-rays, PET scans, and MRIs.
Radiologists diagnose and treat diseases using medical imaging techniques such as X-rays, MRIs, PET scans, nuclear medicine, radiation oncology, and ultrasounds. They are specialized in the safety of radiation in medicine and interpreting medical imaging results, which means they work with many different doctors.
EyesSpine, neck, and headPelvisEar, nose, and throatNone of the above
A doctor specialized in otorhinolaryngology focuses on the ear, nose, and throat!
Otorhinolaryngology, commonly shortened to "otolaryngology," deals with treating diseases and conditions that affect the ears, nose, and throat, as well as the related structures of the head and neck. The doctors (ENTs) treat things like ear infections, sinus issues, or throat and tonsil problems.
The feetThe liver and biliary tractThe colon and rectumThe male urogenital system
Proctologists treat disorders of the colon and rectum!
Proctologists, more recently called colon and rectal surgeons, focus on treating disorders of the intestinal tract, colon, rectum, anal canal, and perianal area. They provide colonoscopies, treat hemorrhoids, and treat colon and rectal cancers.
Brain tumorsThroat and mouth disordersHearing and balance disordersNasal cavity disordersLiver disorders
Neurotology deals with hearing and balance disorders!
Neurotologists specialize in treating neurological disorders of the inner ear, which affect balance and hearing. They treat things like deafness, vertigo, chronic dizziness, and facial nerve disorders.
The analysis of spinal health using medical imaging.The application of laboratory sciences to diagnose and treat disease.The application of psychological theory to treat biological diseases.The interpretation of brainwaves during sleep.
Pathologists apply laboratory science to diagnose and treat disease!
Pathology is basically the scientific foundation of medicine. A pathologist applies physical, biological, and chemical sciences in the laboratory to understand and treat disease. They provide other doctors with information from microscopic exams, tests on body fluids, and other laboratory analyses so they can better treat diseases.
HormonesLungsBonesBodily fluidsAll of the above
Endocrinologists specialize in hormones!
Endocrinology is the branch of medicine that deals with the endocrine system, which produces hormones. It focuses on the treatment of disorders affecting the adrenal and thyroid glands, gonads, metabolism, diabetes mellitus, and more. Specialists also treat growth and puberty issues and conditions like PCOS.
Male genitalsFemale urinary systemBladder and kidneysProstate cancerAll of the above
A urologist treats all of the above!
Urology is the branch of medicine focused on the urinary tract in males and females, male genitals and reproductive health, and disorders of the bladder, kidneys, ureter, prostate, and adrenal glands. Specialists treat things like urinary tract obstructions, prostate cancer, and erectile dysfunction.
EyesNeckLungsBrain and spinal cordNerves and skin
Neurology deals with the brain and spinal cord!
Neurologists are specialized in the diseases or impaired function of the central nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system, and muscles. They treat a range neurological disorders like headaches, seizures, Alzheimer's, and strokes.
Corrective jaw surgeryGum diseaseDental bracesTonsil removalNone of the above
You'd see a periodontist for gum disease!
Periodontics is a sub-specialty of dentistry that focuses on preventing and treating periodontal (gum) disease, and facilitating dental implants. Specialists treat cases of severe gum disease and receding gums, and perform surgeries to repair dental implants or gum injury.
Integumentary systemLymphatic systemRespiratory systemMusculoskeletal systemCirculatory system
Orthopedic surgeons treats injuries to the musculoskeletal system.
Orthopedic surgery is the branch of medicine that deals with the care and treatment of disorders affecting the spine, extremities, bones, and muscles. Specialists treat injuries like broken bones, skeletal deformities, and degenerative problems with the spine, knees, hips, etc.
SkinFeetHeartLungsNone of the above
Doctors specializing in pulmonology focus on the lungs.
Pulmonology is a branch of internal medicine that focuses on disorders of the lungs, upper respiratory tract, airways, and chest cavity. Specialists treat infectious disorders like asthma, pneumonia, and cystic fibrosis, and also manage patients on respirators in intensive care units (ICUs).
The feetThe eyesThe heartThe skinThe brain
Ophthalmologists treat the eyes.
Opthamology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the function and disorders of the eyes and visual system. Specialists treat problems with the entire eye, eyelids, and visual pathways using both medical and surgical interventions.
Do You Actually Know Which Doctor Does What?
So you aren't super clear about which doctor treats what, but it's okay — nobody's perfect! We hope this quiz at least taught you a little more about the different medical specialties and inspired you to study! Keep it up and you'll know about all the different branches of medicine in no time!
Great job! You definitely know a thing or two about the different branches of medicine. But you might want to brush up on your knowledge so you can be familiar with all the different kinds of doctors. If you keep studying, you'll be an expert in no time!
Are you in med school? Are you a doctor? Do you literally live in a hospital? Whatever you do, give yourself a pat on the back for being an expert in the branches of medicine! And really we hope your friends go to you when they aren't sure which doctor to see for a problem. Keep spreading that medical specialty knowledge!