The prevention principles of Vibrio cholerae and cholera
Must follow the principle of prevention and quarantine work to make contacts with foreign countries and the entrance to strictly prevent the fungus incoming water, manure management should be strengthened addition, attention to food hygiene. Strict isolation of patients to the affected areas blockade when necessary to prevent the disease spreading.
The vaccine vaccination of the population, will receive good results now with heat or chemicals to kill the classical type of cholera vaccine were inoculated subcutaneously, can reduce the incidence. This the seedlings bacteria on EL-Tor Vibrio cholerae infection also has a protective effect, but the duration is short, only 3-6 months. New oral rBS / WC vaccine (recombinant B subunit / cholera bacteria vaccine) can be used to prevent cholera, WHO submissions on cholera vaccines in 2000, suffering from cholera risk populations should be considered rBS / WC vaccine. "Protection of the vaccine against cholera period of three years, the domestic the Shanghai United Purcell Biological Engineering Co., Ltd. production rBS / WC vaccine.
The treatment is mainly to replenish fluids and electrolytes and use of antimicrobial drugs such as streptomycin, chloramphenicol, doxycycline, compound SMZ-TMP, etc..