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How Much Do You Know About Basic Psychology?

Do you know your Freud from your Pavlov?

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  1. 1. Phineas Gage became a famous figure in neuroscience because:

    GreenFlames09 / Creative Commons / Flickr: greenflames09
    He performed revolutionary field work in the 19th century on personality disorders
    He was the first living split-brained patient able to be studied
    We learned from him that the parietal lobe may be involved with emotional control
    We learned from him that the frontal lobe may be involved with planning and reasoning

    Phineas Gage survived an accident in which a large iron rod drove completely through his head, destroying part of his frontal lobe. After the accident, his personality and behaviors went through some severe changes — including his abilities to plan and reason.

  2. 2.

    Gestalt Psychology
    Psychodynamic Theory

    Structuralism was the first organized school of thought in psychology. It began with the work of Wilhelm Wundt and sought to identify the basic elements of consciousness — AKA the state of being aware.

  3. 3. Ivan Pavlov was looking at salivation in dogs in response to being fed when he noticed that his dogs would begin to salivate at the sound of him entering the room. The sound of footsteps are an example of:

    Anita Peeples /
    Conditioned stimulus
    Acquired stimulus
    Unconditioned stimulus
    Unnatural stimulus

    The footsteps in this case are a conditioned stimulus. Because Pavlov’s dogs began associating the sound of footsteps with receiving food, eventually, the sound alone was enough to elicit the reflexive response of salivation. Pavlov went on to study this response in his famous classical conditioning experiments, where he conditioned his dogs to salivate at the sound of a neutral stimulus.

  4. 4.

    You lose your Christmas bonus after showing up late to work every day
    You're not allowed to see your friends because you broke curfew
    You fail an exam you didn't study for
    You get kicked off your basketball team after failing the drug test

    In operant conditioning, a positive punishment is one where an action or response leads to an undesired consequence, like a failing grade, which makes it more likely that you will study next time. A negative punishment, on the other hand, is when an action leads to a pleasant object or event being removed, like losing a bonus or getting kicked off a team.

  5. 5. Which need is missing from Maslow’s Hierarchy?

    Esteem needs
    Mastery needs
    Intellectual needs
    Harmony needs
    Existential needs

    Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs — a five tier model of what needs drive human motivation — includes physiological needs (food, water, air), safety needs (shelter, protection), belongingness needs (love, sense of belonging), esteem needs (mastery, feeling appreciated by others), and self-actualization needs (being all that you are capable of becoming).

  6. 6.

    Unfulfillment, Fulfillment, Regression, Actualization
    Electra complex and oedipus complex
    Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
    Oral, anal, digital, genital

    Freud’s psychosexual stages were oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital, developmental stages based on erogenous zones. According to Freud’s theory, each zone demands some form of sexual gratification, unless a person will develop a ~fixation~.

  7. 7. What is something the frontal lobe is NOT critically involved in?

    Henry Vandyke Carter / Henry Gray / Public Domain
    Memory search
    Comprehending language
    Motor control
    Speech control

    Comprehending language is a job of the temporal lobe.

  8. 8. Which of the following is not a defense mechanism according to Freud?

    Max Halberstadt / Public Domain
    Reaction Formation
    Selective Memory

    According to Freud, the ego uses unconscious processes called defense mechanisms to prevent unacceptable thoughts and urges from reaching conscious awareness. Selective memory is not one of those defense mechanisms.

  9. 9.

    Carl Rogers
    Karen Horney
    Carl Jung
    Alfred Adler

    Carl Jung’s work emphasized basic personality types found in all cultures and folklore — including introversion and extraversion.

  10. 10. You are a research participant in a psychology study about happiness. After you read a story about how a dog saved his family from a fire, you are asked about your feelings and mental processes as you were reading. This is an example of:

    Bridget Coila / Creative Commons / Flickr: bibbit
    Insight illumination
    Inductive recall

    Introspection — the technique of observing your mental events as, or immediately after, they occur — was the primary research tool of structuralism.

  11. 11. Roughly how many separate things can the average person store in short-term memory at once?


    The average person can store roughly seven separate pieces of information in their short-term memory at once, plus or minus two.

  12. 12. According to Paul Ekman, which of the following is one of the six universal expressions?

    Ayo Ogunseinde /

    In a series of studies, Paul Ekman found there were universal facial expressions that indicated anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise.

  13. 13. What are the four stages the human body goes through during sexual activity, according to Masters and Johnson?

    Claudie Ossard Productions /
    Excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution
    Attraction, desire, excitement, performance
    Excitement, desire, performance, attraction
    Excitement, orgasm, plateau, resolution
    Exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, denouement

    The body passes through an excitement stage, a plateau stage, an orgasm stage, and a resolution stage during sexual activity.

How Much Do You Know About Basic Psychology?

So, you kind of bombed. You won't be passing any Intro to Psych classes any time soon. But hey! You can always study up next time.

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Congrats, you passed! (But barely.) Looks like you remember a thing or two from Psych class.

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You totally aced it, you psych genius! If only this counted toward your GPA.

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All questions were adapted or sourced from MIT Open Courseware Introduction to Psychology under Creative Commons.

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