Not many people would remember that John Howard was responsible for removing children from detention. But ten years ago, he found himself facing a revolt from a group of his own backbenchers over the policy.
But it wasn't to last. Since then, both Labor and Liberal governments have been responsible for locking up children in detention centres.
The government's latest statistics show 81 children are currently being held in detention on Nauru, with 138 children held in immigration detention facilities in Australia.
Here are the numbers from the immigration department that show children being held in offshore detention after the federal election.
Labor put children on Manus Island, but removed them a year later in 2013, when the department found that conditions at the detention centre were damaging to children.
In what may be a hangover from the Howard years, the department of immigration says on its own website that "It is government policy that children will not be held in immigration detention centres."
There's been renewed pressure on the government from community groups this week. On Q&A on Monday, a former child detainee told the panel "I spent three years of my life in a detention centre in Nauru without my parents as a number, not by name."
On Wednesday, a group of Christian church leaders arranged a sit-in prayer vigil in the lobby of Parliament House to call for the release of all children on the 10th anniversary of John Howard's promise.
They were forcibly removed from Parliament by security guards, and sang as they were marched away.