Egypt From The Revolution To The Muslim Brotherhood

A lot has happened in Egypt over the last 18 months, culminating in the naming today of a new president. Here’s what you need to know.

1. Authoritarian ruler Hosni Mubarak resigned last February handed power over to the military, who joined revolutionary representatives in promising a new Constitution.

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2. Elections were set for the near future, and ultra-conservative Muslims clashed with a younger liberal generation

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3. Now: a year and a half later…

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4. May 28: The liberals never had a chance. The military-backed Ahmad Shafiq and the Muslim Brotherhood’s Mohamed Morsi are declared the final candidates in the Egyptian presidential election.

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Shafiq served under ex-president Mubarak as prime minister, until the president was deposed. Morsi is the candidate representing the Muslim Brotherhood party, which won almost half of Egypt’s parliamentary seats in December’s legislative election- the Muslim Brotherhood advocates for a non-secular, non-violent society, although offshoots of the group have been connected to past violence in the Middle East.

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Protestors of the election’s May 28 results hold signs declaring “together to salvation for Egypt.” 10 candidates were disqualified from the presidential race by the election commission in mid-April.

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A supporter of candidate Ahmad Shafiq after results were announced.

8. June 2: Ex-President Hosni Mubarak is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the killing of protestors

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Reactions to Mubarak’s verdict were intense, and led to a scuffle in the courtroom.

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Afterword, demonstrations were bittersweet: many protestors in Cairo celebrated Mubarak’s imprisonment but called for justice against six acquitted security chiefs.

11. June 14: Egypt’s highest court invalidates parliament, and the military leadership known as the SCAF takes power.

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The military forces say that they will choose a new council to draft a new constitution.

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13. June 17th and 18th: Egyptian military forces assert the power to try citizens in military courts and make decisions on issues of “internal as well as national security issues.”

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Members of the military council reassure the press that they “will hand over power before the end of June.” Meanwhile, some fear that the military’s actions have the makings of a military coup.

15. Meanwhile on June 16th and 17th: the second, and final, round of the Egyptian presidential vote begins.

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Supporters of Mohamed Morsi — the Muslim Brotherhood candidate — congregate in prayer before casting their votes.

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Egyptian citizens celebrate the end of voting.

18. June 20: Ex-President Mubarak suffers a stroke and is declared “clinically dead”

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However, reports of his death are exaggerated as he remains alive and in critical condition.

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Egyptian military police stand guard at the entrance of a military hospital where ousted president Hosni Mubarak was transfered the night before after suffering a stroke in prison.

22. June 21: As every Egyptian waits on election results, some rest…

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25. Some continue to chant the name of their candidate in the streets…

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Mursi supporters congregate to pray as they await results.

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Shafiq supporters rally as they await results.

27. While some rally against the military’s recent assumption of power.

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28. On June 24, the Muslim Brotherhood’s Morsi is declared the winner.

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29. His supporters celebrate in Tahrir Square and around the country.

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Egyptians throw Islamic scholar Safwat Higazi, a supporter of new president-elect, Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Morsi during celebration at Tahrir Square, on June 24, 2012. Tens of thousands packed into Cairo’s Tahrir Square in the largest celebration the protest hub has witnessed since Hosni Mubarak’s ouster, to celebrate their new president-elect.

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Fireworks light up the night sky as Egyptians celebrate in Cairo’s Tahrir Square the victory of Muslim Brotherhood member Mohamed Morsi in the national elections, on June 24, 2012.

36. And the world reacts.

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Palestininans celebrate after Muslim Brotherhood’s presidential candidate Mohamed Morsi’s victory in the Egyptian election in Gaza City on June 24, 2012. There was celebratory gunfire in the Gaza Strip, which borders Egypt and is ruled by the Palestinian Islamic movement Hamas, which has its roots in the Brotherhood and close ties with it.

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The White House congratulated Morsi, with Press Secretary Jay Carney saying that President Obama looks forward to working with the new leader, but also calling on him to observe minority rights. “We will stand with the Egyptian people as they pursue their aspirations for democracy, dignity, and opportunity, and fulfill the promise of their revolution,” Carney said.

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