Though it’s been 18 months since African troops drove most Islamist militants out of Somalia’s capital, Mogadishu, they still maintain a few urban strongholds. The African country has endured over two decades of civil war and conflict, and security remains an issue.
The Line of Control in Kashmir — partially occupying the Indian state — separates India from Pakistan. The conflict between the two nations is decades old, and VICE travels across Pakistan to Kashmir, pointing out how close we are yet again to a nuclear apocalypse.
3. San Pedro Sula
This city in Honduras has one of the highest murder rates per capita, and a 2012 U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime report estimates drug trafficking now accounts for about 13 percent of the country’s gross domestic product.
As Syrian rebels try to topple Bashar al-Assad’s deadly crackdown in Syria, journalists are being targeted because they’re seen as witnesses. Further, the United Nations has recently extended a probe into extensive human rights violations across the war-torn country because of the increasing violence.
In 2012, Turkey imprisoned more journalists than any other country. According to Reporters Without Borders, the Eurasian country had an increase in arrests “as a result of tension surrounding the issue of the Kurdish minority.”
Drug-related violence which has turned Acapulco into the murder capital of Mexico last year, with more than 1,000 murders reported by Mexican media in the city of approximately 800,000 people.
7. North Korea
Escaping the North and heading to the South is so treacherous that less than 25,000 North Koreans have successfully made the journey. VICE covers the story by joining a South Korean pastor who developed an underground railroad that moves defectors from China to freedom and eventual citizenship in South Korea.
Here, a missile is launched during an army exercise in central Iran. The country regularly holds maneuvers to test and promote its military power. While the legitimacy of some of their military photos have raised a few eyebrows, the US continues to work towards getting Iran to abandon these weapons.
Ever since it was announced that U.S. forces would be barred from the strategic province because of alleged abuses against civilians, Afghan forces who will be left to provide security without them have grown more anxious by the day. Here, an Afghan policeman keeps watch at a checkpoint in Wardak; it’s a prime example of what could happen in other parts of Afghanistan as the United States winds down an increasingly unpopular war, now in its 12th year.
To prevent Islamists from seizing control of the nation of 16 million people and using it as a base to launch attacks on neighboring African countries and the West, France launched airstrikes in Mali in January. Though many of their leaders were killed, conflict continues.