Even if the government was fully functional, you could justify avoiding these imported foods because they’re notoriously filthy (and the FDA has the manpower to inspect only less than 2% of imports when it’s up and running). Now that even fewer imports are being inspected than usual, your vigilance as a consumer is more important. Former FDA official William Hubbard told BuzzFeed that if the furlough continues, he has real concerns about foods that need to be the freshest: fish, seafood, fruits, and vegetables, and especially those products coming from countries with poor sanitation records. Other food-safety experts unwilling to speak on the record expressed the same concerns.
1. Imported Shrimp from Southeast Asia
Ninety percent of the shrimp eaten in America comes from other countries, most of them Southeast Asian countries that rely heavily on antibiotics and have exported seafood infected with salmonella. The FDA treats all imported shrimp imports as red-flag food requiring inspection because it so frequently arrives filthy. Now almost all of it is now going uninspected.
CHOOSE INSTEAD: Domestic shrimp.
2. Imported Tilapia from China
The FDA rejects a lot of dubious tilapia. With reports that Chinese companies are raising tilapia on diets of feces, and as more and more countries with minimal regulations are sending cheap frozen filets of the stuff our way, you should buy only tilapia that you know is domestic (shutdown or no shutdown).
CHOOSE INSTEAD: Canadian or domestic tilapia.
3. SOME Imported Farmed Atlantic Salmon from Chile
Farmed salmon from Chile has a complicated history of both environmental and food-safety problems. As recently as July, the FDA banned salmon imports from one major Chilean producer because it reportedly contained carcinogens. But not all Chilean salmon is bad news: The Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch program — a watchdog of environmental practices in the seafood industry — approved the first farmed salmon from Chile (Verlasso brand) for its stringent “good alternative” list only a couple of months ago. The FDA is less concerned with environmental friendliness of food imports than with its safety, but Monterey Bay giving that Chilean seafood a thumbs-up means it is more likely to be safe.
CHOOSE INSTEAD: Verlasso Chilean salmon is likely safe, or choose farmed or wild domestic salmon. More info here.
4. Any Cheap, Frozen Fish of Unknown Provenance
If you don’t know where your fish is coming from — no matter what state the government is in — you shouldn’t be feeding it to yourself or anyone else.
5. A few more furlough food-shopping tips:
Choose local or domestic shellfish.
Know that most of America’s scallops are imported from China. Our mussels often come from Canada. Our clams frequently come from Asia and Canada, and many of our oysters come from China. This is all just fine most of the time, but if the FDA stays closed for weeks or months, it’s worth being more vigilant about choosing local and domestic for shellfish.
The produce at your supermarket that’s most likely to have been imported are tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, avocados, melons, grapes, and tropical fruits like papayas and mangoes. About half of fresh fruit consumed in the U.S. and 20% of fresh vegetables are imported, most of them from Mexico.
How to handle raw fruits and vegetables more carefully:
1. Don’t eat produce with visible signs of decay.
2. Rinse and scrub the skin or rind of fruits and veggies. Even if you don’t plan to eat the skin or rind, your knife can transfer bacteria from it to the flesh of the produce. Always use a clean knife and cutting board, and wash them frequently.
3. Fill a big bowl with water and add a couple spoonfuls of white vinegar, soak your fruit or vegetables in that vinegar water for a minute or two, then rinse.