Gerty CoriAnna Jane HarrisonRosalind Franklin
"There is probably no other woman scientist with as much controversy surrounding her life and work as Rosalind Franklin." The Nobel Prize for discovering DNA's double helix structure went to Watson, Crick and Wilkins, but the breakthrough would not have been possible without Rosalind Franklin's X-ray diffraction photos of DNA strands.
Florence NightingaleAda LovelaceLois Haibt
Augusta Ada King-Noel, Countess of Lovelace was an English mathematician and writer, chiefly known for her work on the mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. She was the first to recognize that the machine had applications beyond pure calculation, and created the first algorithm intended to be carried out by such a machine.
Sally RideKalpana ChawlaPeggy Whitson
An American physicist and astronaut, Sally Ride was the third woman in space overall, after USSR cosmonauts Valentina Tereshkova and Svetlana Savitskaya. Ride remains the youngest American astronaut to have traveled to space, having done so at the age of 32.
Ada ByronMarie CurieDorothy Hodgkin
Marie Curie was not only the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, but was the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two different fields, and was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.
Stephanie KwolekTemple GrandinAlice Ball
For her discovery of Kevlar, Kwolek was awarded the DuPont company's Lavoisier Medal for outstanding technical achievement. As of February 2015, she was the only female employee to have received that honor. In 1995 she became the fourth woman to be added to the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
Anita BorgGrace HopperMargaret Hamilton
In 1944, Grace Hopper was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer and invented the first compiler for a computer programming language. She popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, one of the first high-level programming languages.
Dian FosseyRachel CarlsonJane Goodall
Considered to be the world's foremost expert on chimpanzees, Goodall is best known for her 55-year study of social and family interactions of wild chimpanzees in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania. Goodall's research at Gombe Stream is best known to the scientific community for challenging two long-standing beliefs of the day: that only humans could construct and use tools, and that chimpanzees were vegetarians.
Irene Joliot-CurieMaria Goeppert-MayerMarguerite Perey
Maria Goeppert-Mayer, a graduate of the University of Göttingen in Germany, moved to United States with her husband. During World War II, she joined the Manhattan Project where she worked on isotope separation and developed a mathematical model for the structure of nuclear shells which lead to her Nobel Prize.
Hedy LamarrCharlotte AuerbachRachel Carson
At the beginning of World War II, Lamarr and composer George Antheil developed a radio guidance system for Allied torpedoes, which used spread spectrum and frequency hopping technology to defeat the threat of jamming by the Axis powers. Although the US Navy did not adopt the technology until the 1960s, the principles of their work are now incorporated into modern Wi-Fi, CDMA, and Bluetooth technology, and this work led to their induction into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2014.
Hilde MangoldGertrude B. ElionAnne McLaren
Gertrude Belle Elion developed several new drugs to treat life-threatening diseases like leukemia, autoimmune disorders, urinary-tract infections, gout, malaria, and viral herpes.
Dorothy Crowfoot HodgkinAlice HamiltonGerty Cori
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin's life as a researcher began when she received a chemistry book containing experiments with crystals as a child. She went on to successfully determine the structure of penicillin in 1946 and, in 1956, also the structure of vitamin B12, which has the most complex structure of all vitamins.
Rosalyn Sussman YalowEmmy NoetherCharlotte Auerbach
Emmy Noether was described by Pavel Alexandrov, Albert Einstein, Jean Dieudonné, Hermann Weyl, and Norbert Wiener as the most important woman in the history of mathematics. In physics, Noether's theorem explains the connection between symmetry and conservation laws.
Maria MitchellMaria Gaetana AgnesiLise Meitner
Lise Meitner, an Austrian-Swedish physicist, worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics. Otto Hahn and Meitner led the small group of scientists who first discovered nuclear fission, however, only Otto Hahn received the Nobel prize for the discovery. In the 1990s, the records of the committee that decided on that prize were opened and her exclusion was called "unjust". Meitner has received a flurry of posthumous honors, including the naming of chemical element 109 as meitnerium in 1997.
Anita BorgMargaret HamiltonKaren Spärck Jones
Margaret Hamilton, during her time at MIT, assisted in the creation of the core principles in computer programming as she worked on writing code for the world's first portable computer. Hamilton's innovations go beyond the feats of playing an important role in getting humans to the moon. Hamilton challenged the male dominated technology field to allow women to enter these STEM fields for many years to come.
Mary Putnam JacobiAnna Wessels WilliamsBarbara McClintock
Barbara McClintock, during the 1940s and 1950s, developed theories to explain the suppression and expression of genetic information through the study of maize plants. Due to skepticism of her research, she stopped publishing in 1953. McClintock's research became well understood in the1970s, as other scientists confirmed the mechanisms of genetic regulation that she had demonstrated in her maize research decades ago.
Do You Know These Women In STEM?
Thank you taking this quiz! GWISE invites you to learn more about women's achievements at the "In Memoriam Vera Rubin: Women in STEM Poster Exhibition Event" which will be held from 11.30 am to 2.30 pm on May 7th, 2017 at SAC plaza, Stony Brook University! To win exciting prizes, tag GWISE's Facebook page or send an email to email@example.com and you will be entered into our raffle! Winners will be announced at the poster event.
Congratulations on your great performance! GWISE invites you to learn more about women's achievements at the "In Memoriam Vera Rubin: Women in STEM Poster Exhibition Event" which will be held from 11.30 am to 2.30 pm on May 7th, 2017 at SAC plaza, Stony Brook University! To win exciting prizes, tag GWISE's Facebook page or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org and you will be entered into our raffle! Winners will be announced at the poster event.
Congratulations on your amazing performance! GWISE is pleased to announce that you are eligible for exciting prizes at the "In Memoriam Vera Rubin: Women in STEM Poster Exhibition Event" which will be held from 11.30 am to 2.30 pm on May 7th, 2017 at SAC plaza, Stony Brook University. To claim the prize, tag GWISE's Facebook page or send an email to email@example.com.