1. By 2050, about three-quarters of people on Earth will live in cities — up from only one half today.
2. Much of this growth is projected to occur in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly Nigeria.
3. Much of 2050's population of 9 billion will join the "global middle class," a group that will consume more energy thanks to widespread technology adoption.
4. More efficient power generation — like that used in Scandinavia — could be a significant part of the answer to increased energy demand.
5. By 2060, 40% of our energy could come from renewable sources.
6. The growing urban population could also double the number of cars on the road — from 1 billion today to 2 billion by 2050.
7. Alternative fuels such as electric, biofuels, and liquified natural gas could power the next billion vehicles.
8. Urban planning also has a major impact on global energy usage because more commuting means more wasted energy.
9. For sprawling cities such as Houston and Tokyo, energy improvements can be made to improve upon a fundamentally inefficient urban design.
10. Ideally, developing megacities will transition to high-density models (such as Singapore and London) with highly efficient public transportation systems.
11. Finally, residents enjoy living in these compact, energy-efficient cities precisely because they were carefully planned to be functional.
Bottom line: Decisions made today will be critical to transitioning toward an efficient, lower carbon energy system that can support a growing global population
And Shell is here to help that process happen. Today, we're groundbreaking innovative solutions and supporting bright energy ideas to address the new energy challenges our world will face.
All statistics and data courtesy of Shell's report: New Lenses on Future Cities. Available for download here.