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Do You Know What It Was Like To Be Healthy In 1918?

Pass the clabbered milk!

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Maybe you know a thing or two about nutrition nowadays.

Like that according to experts, sugary drinks and processed foods probably aren't amazing for you.

But how much do you know about what nutrition experts advised ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO?

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BuzzFeed Health looked at two publications, Diet and Health With Key to the Calories by Dr. Lulu Hunt Peters, published in 1918, and Encyclopedia of Diet: A Treatise on the Food Question, by Eugene Christian, published in 1914 by the Christian Dietetic Society, to see what they had to say about eating for health and weight loss.

So, keep in mind, the following quiz questions are based on the information provided by Hunt Peters and Christian and are relevant to eating healthfully in 1918. It's ~probably~ not actually fantastic health advice for anyone now.

  1. 1. What is the equation adults should use to determine their ideal weight (in pounds)?

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    Add 100 to your age; subtract 30
    Multiply number of inches over 5 ft. in height by 5½; add 110
    Multiply your age by 3½; add 5 for every inch in height over 5 ft.
    For every year of your life over 18 add 2; then add 100
    Divide your height in inches by 2; multiply by 3
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to Hunt Peters, the rule for finding your ideal adult weight is to multiply the number of inches you are over 5 ft. by 5½, then add 110.

  2. 2. To avoid droopy fat in your neck, you should:

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    Minimize your intake of fatty foods after age 30
    Eat the bulk of your calories before 2 p.m.
    Massage your neck vigorously
    Do 30 jumping jacks before 12 noon daily
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    "To avoid slack in your neck, double, and triple chins, massage vigorously up and down, not crossways," says Hunt Peters.

  3. 3. Which of the following does the author of Diet and Health call out as common weight loss strategies that *won't* actually help you lose weight?

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    Avoiding bread, only sleeping on soft surfaces, drinking only cold liquids
    Violent exercise, prolonged Turkish baths, epsom salt baths
    Eating in the evening, consuming animal flesh, indulging in sweetened indulgences
    Massage of the belly or abdomen, consume excess salt, bathing in too-hot water
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    "I have said that food, and only fat, causes fat...no drastic purges, no violent exercises, especially at first, and not too frequent nor prolonged Turkish baths. Epsom salt baths have little effect," says Hunt Peters.

  4. 4. How many calories per day should a laundress (or any other profession which requires a woman to lift heavy objects) eat?

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    1000-1500
    1500-2000
    2000-2500
    2500-3000
    3000-3500
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Any woman with an occupation that requires strength should eat 2500-3000 calories per day.

  5. 5. How much water does the average person need to drink?

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    8 glasses daily
    Three gallons per week but no more than 24 oz. in a day
    3 to 5 pints daily
    The amount in ounces of your weight divided by two
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    In addition to the water contained in fruit and vegetables, "The average person needs, in addition, from three to five pints taken as a drink," says Hunt Peters.

  6. 6. What's the ideal breakdown of a balanced diet?

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    10–15% protein, 25–30% fat, 60–65% carbs
    20–25% protein, 10–15% fat, 60–65% carbs
    30–35% protein, 30–35% fat, 30–35% carbs
    60–65% protein, 25–30% fat, 10–15% carbs
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to Hunt Peters, the ideal diet is 10–15% protein, 25–30% fat, and 60–65% carbs. To put that in context, BuzzFeed Health recently reported that an ideal macronutrient breakdown for fat loss would be 40% protein, 30% fat, and 30% carbs.

  7. 7. Which of the following is a recommended breakfast for anyone "afflicted with obesity?"

    Those afflicted with obesity should abstain from eating until luncheon
    One cup of clabbered milk, 1/2 cup of wheat germ cooked thoroughly, 1/4 pound of red grapes
    Fruit (any), a cup of hot water, 2-3 exceedingly ripe bananas, eaten with raisins, nuts, and cream
    One cantaloupe, soaked peaches, baked chestnuts, wilted greens
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to Christian, breakfast for anyone who is obese should consist of fruit, a cup of hot water, and two to three exceedingly ripe bananas served with raisins, nuts, and cream.

  8. 8. What should an athletic person do immediately upon waking up in the morning?

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    Drink 8 oz. of ice cold water
    Drink 8 oz. of room temperature water
    Exercise vigorously for 10 minutes
    Exercise vigorously for 10 minutes, then drink 8 oz. of room temperature water
    Eat an orange
    Eat an overripe banana
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to the Encyclopedia of Diet, an athletic person should have an orange upon rising.

  9. 9. Which of the following will help cure constipation?

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    Eating wheat germ before bedtime, drinking warm water upon waking, regular exercise
    Abstaining from dairy, regular exercise, abstaining from sugar
    Correct diet, regular exercise, sweet disposition
    Proper diet, vigorous exercise, regular attendance at church
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to Hunt Peters, the following can aid constipation: correct diet, exercise (especially brisk walking), regularity of habit, possibly the addition of bran, agar, or mineral oils, and a sweet disposition. "Mean people are always constipated," she says.

  10. 10. What should people who are underweight and want to gain do?

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    Talk less and/or omit details when talking. Talking uses energy and burns calories.
    Avoid drinking during meals (unless the beverage contains immodest amounts of cream or sugar).
    Drink a beverage made up of milk, syrup, egg, ice cream, whipped cream, and malted milk.
    Worry less. Worrying causes you to tense your muscles which burns calories.
    All of the above
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Hunt Peters says that if you want to gain weight you should: worry less, talk less, avoid drinking with meals (unless you add a lot of cream or sugar to the beverage), and drink a beverage of milk, syrup, egg, ice cream, whipped cream and malted milk.

  11. 11. If you want to lose weight, what's the first thing you should do?

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    Fast for one day; no food, only 5–6 glasses of skim milk (hot or cold) or buttermilk drunk every three hours
    Take up vigorous exercise upon rising and following any snack or meal consumed after 5 p.m.
    Eliminate all animal flesh from the diet until one's desired weight is reached
    Tell your clergy member that you are trying to reduce, so that he might hold you accountable
    Join a patriotic women's group that supports the war effort, as it is immoral to not improve one's health when the health of so many are suffering during wartime
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Hunt Peters says that "your stomach must be disciplined" if you're to lose weight. To show your stomach that you are its master, she recommends spending a day fasting, consuming only skim milk or buttermilk, drunk every three hours.

  12. 12. Which of the following is a recommended lunch for "a normal person" between the ages of 20 and 33?

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    Two coddled (lightly cooked) eggs, one slice of cheese, one corn muffin, 1/2 a cantaloupe
    Baked beans, lettuce or celery with nuts, cottage cheese with whole wheat bread
    A poached egg, baked potato, cream soup, berries
    A bowl of milk with boiled rice
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to Christian, a normal lunch for someone aged 20–33 would include baked beans, lettuce or celery with nuts, and cottage cheese with whole wheat bread.

  13. 13. True or false: Anyone wishing to lose weight should eliminate carbohydrates and fats.

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    True
    False
    Women should avoid carbohydrates while men should avoid fats.
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to Hunt Peters, it's unhealthy to avoid carbs and fats for any length of time: "Any regimen which does not allow some carbohydrates and fats for the fuel foods is injurious if persisted in for a length of time."

  14. 14. Which is best to use as a sweetener?

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    White sugar
    Honey
    Saccharine
    It's better to go without sweeteners
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    Although saccharine is lower in calories than sugar, Hunt Peters advises against using it habitually and instead recommends teaching yourself to like things unsweetened. "It can be done," she says.

  15. 15. If you get hungry while dieting, you should:

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    Spray perfume or something else aromatic to stimulate smell centers and cause hunger pangs to subside
    Chew on a citrus peel, drink a cup of fat-free bullion, or eat half an apple
    Eat 3–5 stalks of celery and drink black coffee
    Eat a serving of fat-free gelatin sprinkled with 1/2 teaspoon of sugar
    Correct!
    Wrong!

    According to Hunt Peters: "I find that dry lemon or orange peel, or those little aromatic breath sweeteners, just a tiny bit, seem to stop the hunger pangs; or you may have a cup of fat-free bouillon or half an apple, or other low calorie food."

Do You Know What It Was Like To Be Healthy In 1918?

Turn of the century nutrition newbie

So, you don't seem to know A TON about diet and nutrition in the nineteen teens. But, hey, that was, like, 100 years ago, so probably NBD.

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Early 20th century nutrition aficianado

You seem to know a bit about healthy eating and dieting in the early 20th century. Well done!

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Early 20th century nutrition expert

Wow, OK, are you, like, 100 years old? Because you know A LOT about the way people thought about healthy eating and dieting back then. Or maybe you're just super knowledgeable. Either way, we're impressed!

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