1. Greek yogurt manufacturing produces millions of pounds of (toxic) acid whey waste every year, and no one knows what to do with it.
From Modern Farmer’s fascinating story about how to deal with the whey problem:
“For every three or four ounces of milk, Chobani and other companies can produce only one ounce of creamy Greek yogurt. The rest becomes acid whey. It’s a thin, runny waste product that can’t simply be dumped. Not only would that be illegal, but whey decomposition is toxic to the natural environment, robbing oxygen from streams and rivers. That could turn a waterway into what one expert calls a ‘dead sea,’ destroying aquatic life over potentially large areas. Spills of cheese whey, a cousin of Greek yogurt whey, have killed tens of thousands of fish around the country in recent years.”
2. Not-from-concentrate orange juice is processed with “flavor packs” to artificially ensure that each bottle tastes exactly the same.
No matter what time of year it is and which oranges the juice came from, big beverage companies make their products perfectly consistent by mixing the juice with carefully calibrated, brand-specific orange flavorings. These mixtures are added to replace the natural flavors lost when juice is chemically stripped of oxygen (“deaerated”) so that it can be kept in storage tanks for more than a year (!) without oxidizing.
Because the added flavor is technically derived from orange oil and extract, it doesn’t need to be specifically listed in the ingredients. Read more here.
4. Most commercial milk is made by combining, heating, homogenizing, and repackaging the milk of hundreds of cows.
Milk gets separated by huge industrial centrifuges into components (fat, protein, and other solids and liquids). Those milk parts are then recombined in various proportions to make perfectly uniform whole, low-fat, and skim milks.
Read more about the process — and how raw milk (aka the kind that comes straight from cows) became a thing of the past — in this L.A. Times article.
6. Many canned soups are flavored with MSG, even when they claim they aren’t.
The additive gives soups a meat-like flavor that helps make up for canning-induced blandness and less salt (many brands have reduced their use of salt thanks to nutrition concerns about high sodium levels).
MSG isn’t necessarily bad for you, but soup makers sneakily get around admitting that they use it by referring to it as “naturally occurring” (because it’s refined from vegetable and yeast proteins) and listing it in the ingredients as “yeast extract” or “hydrolyzed protein.” An actual ad war broke out in 2008 because Campbell’s and Progresso were so worried that customers wouldn’t buy soup they knew contained MSG.
7. The canning process for soup is so violent that companies grow huge, super-tough carrots for the soup so they won’t disintegrate.
That’s just some dude with a random huge carrot, but a former Campbell’s food scientist described the industrial-strength carrots as “like tree limbs — they’re like baseball bats.”
8. Many ice creams are thickened and stabilized with carrageenan, which is actually a seaweed extract.
Not bad, just…odd? More info here.
9. Hot dogs are filled with a gloopy blend of meat trimmings, fat, and starch or “cereal filler.”
Cereal filler = bread crumbs, oatmeal, or flour, because who wouldn’t want oatmeal in their frankfurter? And that’s not to mention all the lovely flavors, dyes, and preservatives that might be floating around in there too. If you feel like barfing even more, check out this video of the production process.
10. Lots of imported (and expensive) “extra-virgin” olive oils are actually cut with cheaper seed and nut oils.
Read Tom Mueller’s fascinating (and hilarious) 2007 exposé of Italian oil fraud, which eventually became the book Extra Virginity: The Sublime and Scandalous World of Olive Oil.
11. Red- and pink-colored products are often dyed with cochineal extract, aka the bodies of crushed-up teeny insects.
Including all of these familiar friends. Cochineal extract is also sometimes listed as carminic acid or carmine. You can learn more about the delicious process of making the dye here.
12. Coffee creamer is made of corn syrup and (hydrogenated, trans-fatty) vegetable oils.
CORN SYRUP SOLIDS
PARTIALLY HYDROGENATED SOYBEAN AND/OR COTTONSEED OIL
LESS THAN 2% OF SODIUM CASEINATE (A MILK DERIVATIVE)
MONO- AND DIGLYCERIDES
14. Shredded cheese is packed with cellulose — aka refined wood pulp — to keep it from clumping.
Cellulose, made from broken-down plant fibers (including wood), is a common food additive that can also make ice cream creamier or salad dressing thicker without adding calories. Since it’s naturally derived, even packaged foods labeled as organic often include cellulose. Sawdust! Who knew?