To make a shot of ristretto, water is forced through the ground coffee just like the process of making espresso but more quickly. There’s less caffeine compared to regular espresso but the same amount of coffee oils and flavor. It’s short and sweet,: What’s not to love?
9. Café frappé
Before the frappuccino, there was the Greek frappé: foam-covered iced coffee. It was invented accidentally when a Nestlé employee was serving their instant coffee mix at a fair, but couldn’t find hot water. He improvised with cold water and ice, and the drink was a hit.
This post is not meant as an exhaustive glossary of coffee drinks. For a more complete understanding of coffee terminology, check out three of the best books ever written on the topic: Left Coast Roast, The Infinite Emotions of Coffee, and The Blue Bottle Craft of Coffee. Other great resources for news and city guides are Sprudge and the coffee posts Liz Clayton and Erin Meister write for Serious Eats.