Frédéric Castel, a researcher at Université du Québec à Montréal, estimates there are between 50 and 100 women — out of some 150,000 Muslim women in the province — who wear the veil.
The Muslim Council of Montreal believes there are fewer, telling BuzzFeed Canada in a statement that there are "no more than 50 women in Quebec."
Others say the number is even smaller than that. Shaheen Ashraf, a board member of the Canadian Council of Muslim Women, told CBC Radio's As It Happens there are "maybe 10 or maybe 15" women in all of Quebec who wear the niqab.
"It's difficult to know an exact number. To our knowledge, no census has ever been done," CCMW president Nuzhat Jafri told BuzzFeed Canada.