everlasting ideassubjectivity of the human mindthe material worldexperiencescurrent societylearned behaviors
The materialistic world exists beyond the human mind.The materialistic world is too unstable.The materialistic world is exists only through the existence of the human mind
by making connections through archetypes in art and literature from the pastthrough logical processes in the physical world and the study of the natural worldby asking questions and in turn answering them through personal experimentationby being in an environment that promotes learning behaviorsthrough working with others and the development of the individual mindthrough personal experiences
create a common cultureencourage student involvement in the communitycreates new ways of thinking and encourages diversityuphold universal laws of etiquettedevelop art and literature that portrays archetypes accurately
the use of archetypes and cultural motifs to develop new ideasa deep connection to the physical world through studycommunity involvement and social problem solvinga universal culturethe idea of freedom and the creation of an authentic individualcooperation, adaptation, and problem solving skills
to create a better, more advanced societyto educate the whole childto create good and proper citizensto develop critical thinking skillsto create social involvement in studentsto develop freethinking in students
an understanding of the physical world around themthe ability to think deeply, flexibly, analytically, and imaginativelya deep understanding of the selfmastery of basic academic knowledgea desire to create social change and make the world a better placethe ability to create a learning environment
encourage personal reflectionallow students to pick their own topic in projectsset up desks in a circle during group discussionstake a field trip and have students write observations of what they seeread and write faery talesdiscuss theories
freedom of thoughtadaptability and problem solvingconstant inquiry of the worldimaginationsocial responsibilityan engaging and active mind
Philosophy Of Education Quiz
Having true reality being rooted in ideas, Idealist teachers focus on the mind more than the physical world. The material world is unstable and changing, where ideas are stable and enduring. Teachers that are Idealists teach through connecting ideas in order for students to learn within their own mind.
Realism roots true reality in the material world, believing that it exists even beyond the human mind. Learning through a realist perspective requires using logical processes, studying the natural world, and utilizing a skill of inquiry and scientific purposes.
Perennialism finds the true reality fixed in everlasting truths and unchanging ideas derived from art and literature through cultural motifs and archetypes. Perennialism holds that all human beings have the same basic natures and utilize education as a way to develop individuals that are deep, analytical, flexible, and imaginative. Teachers who are Perennialist focus more on teaching "concepts" rather than information that may become outdated or disconnected within a few years.
Essentialism believes that the ultimate goal of education is creating proper and good citizens. This is done by creating a curriculum of the basics of academic knowledge to be taught to students. Teachers who use essentialism focus on training students's minds, promoting reasoning in students, and creating a common culture.
Behaviorism is the idea that education and all learning is dependent on the environment. By teaching certain behaviors in a specific environment, students will be able to learn more effectively because they have been taught to do so. Teachers are focused on teaching universal laws of behavior.
Pragmatism sees the true reality of the world as being relative and ever-changing. This philosophy encourages learning through experiences. Teachers encourage students to become adaptive to their environment while being cooperative, dynamic, and problem solving individuals. Pragmatism is hands on learning through personal experiences which is used to created the students' own reality.
Progressivism is about educating the whole student. Students learn by answering their own questions through experimentation and by which creating their own education. Teachers are mentors and can offer encouragement, but not necessarily the knowledge basis as students are developing their own. This education of philosophy is active, engaging, and questioning.
Existentialism sees the reality of the world in the subjectivity of the individual while the physical and material world hold no meaning. This philosophy in education focuses on freedom and the development of authentic individuals. Teachers become mentors that teach each student as an individual while encouraging student peer work. Students working with peers promotes more questioning and development of individuals because this challenges current ideas and beliefs and causes them to further develop critical thinking.
Reconstructionism bases education on social change and world events. Learning in reconstrunctionism is about making connections within all subjects to world events and how the individual impacts the world. This requires to think critically and with problem solving skills about the world around them. This philosophy encourages community involvement and connection with the world around the student.
Post-Modernism is about creating a new system. There is the realization that the old education system has become outdated and begun to fail. The ultimate goal of Post-Modernism is to create a new education system that incorporates community involvement and reflects the diversity of the surrounding society.