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22 Of The Most Extreme Places On Earth

Go big or go home!

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2. The hottest place in the world: Death Valley, California.

David Mcnew / Getty Images

According to the World Meteorological Organization, the hottest temperature ever recorded occurred in Death Valley in 1913, clocking in at a scorching 134°F (56.6°C)!

4. The driest place in the world: Atacama Desert, Chile.

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In over 37 years, it's only rained here four times. The landscape of Quillagua, Chile, is so dry that NASA decided that it would be the perfect location to test its Mars rover.


5. The place with the longest name in the world: Taumatawhakatangi­hangakoauauotamatea­turipukakapikimaunga­horonukupokaiwhen­uakitanatahu, New Zealand.

That's a record 85 letters, which in Māori means "The summit where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, the climber of mountains, the land-swallower who travelled about, played his nose flute to his loved one.”

6. The windiest place in the world: Commonwealth Bay, Antarctica.

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During winter months at Commonwealth Bay, a concentrated flow of freezing air, known as katabatic wind, is responsible for wind gusts up to 150 mph.

7. The world's most active volcano: Mt. Kilauea, Hawaii.

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In 1983, Mt. Kilauea erupted on the southern part of the island of Hawaii and hasn't stopped since! It's destroyed over 200 homes, but created over 544 acres of new land.


12. The smallest island in the world: Bishop Rock, England.

Flickr: hornbeam

Bishop rock is around 46 x 16 meters long and located about 28 miles off the southwestern coast of the Cornish peninsula in England. In the Middle Ages, criminals were dropped off with days' worth of bread and left to fend off the elements.


14. The coldest inhabited place in the world: Oymyakon, Russia.

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Winter temperatures in Oymyakon can drop as low as -58°F (-50°C), while the lowest recorded temperature for the town was -96.16°F (-71.2°C), in 1924.

15. The highest elevation in the world: Mount Everest, China–Nepal border.

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At 29,028 feet tall, Mount Everest is considered to have the highest elevation in the world. The mountain was named after the surveyor-general of India from 1830 to1843 — Col. Sir George Everest. Ironically, Everest actually pronounced his name "Eve-rest".

16. The farthest point from the Earth's center: Chimborazo, Ecuador.

Kseniya Ragozina / Getty Images

While Mount Everest is the tallest point measured from sea level, the Earth isn't a perfect sphere. If we calculate the farthest point from the Earth's center, the winner would be Chimborazo, Ecuador.