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23 Badass Latin American Women Who Made History

Latina power!

1. Rigoberta Menchú

2. Dandara of Palmares

3. Policarpa Salavarrieta

Policarpa, also known as La Pola, was a spy for the pro-independence Colombian forces. She was killed by a firing squad at the hands of the Spaniards. She is considered a symbol of courage and freedom.

4. Manuela Saenz

5. Elvia Carrillo Puerto

Also known as "Monja Roja del Mayab," she was a feminist activist who fought for women's rights. She founded various feminist leagues which helped women with family planning programs, prenatal, and postnatal care. She also shared material from Margaret Sanger, who would later found the American Birth Control League, known today as Planned Parenthood. In 1923 she was elected as a member of Yucatan's congress,making her the first Mexican woman to hold a position of this nature.

6. Eva Duarte de Perón

7. Juana Azurduy

8. Evangelina Rodriguez

She became the first Dominican woman physician in1909. She treated poor people for free or for very little money, and handed out medicine for free. She was family planning advocate, and risked her life multiple times by clashing with dictator Rafael Trujillo.

9. Teresa Carreño

10. Hermila Galindo

11. Eulalia Guzmán

Eulalia Guzmán was the first female Mexican archaeologist. Guzmán was responsible for collecting a large amount of information on pre-Hispanic Mexico that determined historical details about the country.

12. The Mirabal sisters

13. Anabel Hernandez

14. Laureana Wright

A writer, journalist and important figure in Mexico's feminist movement. She became interested in the social position of women from a young age. Wright expressed her ideas in a range of publications of the time, and founded the first feminist magazine in Mexico, Violetas del Anáhuac.

15. Isabel Allende

16. The Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo

17. Leona Vicario

She was of the Mexico's first female journalists in Mexico and a key player in the fight for independence from Spain. Leona was party of a correspondence network called "Los Guadalupes," and she the newspaper El Ilustrador Americano to write secret codes for revolutionaries. She was discovered and threatened with a life sentence in prison if she didn't give up who she was working with. Leona chose to go to prison, but was quickly rescued by her colleagues and disguised as a beggar in order to escape.

18. Gabriela Mistral

19. Damas de Blanco

20. Rosa Campuzano Cornejo

She was a spy and fought for Peruvian independence. They called her "La protectora" (the protector) because she was José de San Martin's lover, who was known as "El protector del Peru" (Peru's protector). Rosa became a spy by using her social status to get information.

21. Chavela Vargas

22. Marielle Franco

Marielle Franco, who spent years speaking out against police violence and fighting for LGBT rights, gave this powerful speech just hours before she was killed in a suspected assassination.

Marielle was a Brazilian councilwoman and activist who advocated for the LGBT community, Afro-Brazilians, women, people in the favelas, and many other marginalized groups. She was also an outspoken critic of policy brutality. She was assassinated in Rio de Janeiro after leaving an event called “Young Black Women Who Are Changing Power Structures.” Thousands of people took to the streets of Brazil to protest and demand justice.

23. Frida Kahlo

This post was translated from Spanish.