A cancer affecting any part of female reproductive organs (such as vaginal, cervical, uterine, vulvar, or ovarian)A cancer affecting the vagina only
Vaginal, vulvar, cervical, uterine, and ovarian are all gynecologic cancers.
Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that starts in a woman’s reproductive organs.
Anyone who has female reproductive organsOnly people who have a hereditary risk for cancerOnly people who don't get regular gynecologic exams
Anyone who has female reproductive organs, regardless of gender, is at risk.
There is no way to know who will get a gynecologic cancer. Each type of gynecologic cancer has different risk factors, and risk increases with age.
Get the HPV vaccine if you are in the age group for whom it's recommendedGet regular Pap testsGet the HPV test, if your health care provider recommends itMake healthy lifestyle choices, like maintaining a healthy weight, eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and exercising regularlyAll of the above
Each of these things can help reduce your risk.
While there is no way to prevent all types of gynecologic cancer, each of these things may help reduce your risk. Speak with your health care provider about what you can do to reduce your risk for gynecologic cancer.
Cervical cancerUterine cancerOvarian cancerVaginal cancerAll gynecologic cancers
The Pap test only screens for cervical cancer.
The Pap test helps find pre-cancers on the cervix so they can be treated. In this way, cervical cancer can be prevented. The Pap test also finds cervical cancer early, when treatment works best. How often you should get a Pap test depends on your previous test results and age.
Learn the signs and symptoms of both cancers so you can be aware of themTell your health care provider so you can see if you need to be checked for these diseasesTalk to your health care provider about whether you might benefit from genetic counseling to learn more about your riskAll of the above
All of the above.
Most women diagnosed with ovarian or breast cancers do not have a family history of either disease. However, if you have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, your health care provider may recommend genetic counseling and testing. It is useful for a small percentage of women who have a family history of these cancers.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding or dischargePelvic pain or pressureAbdominal or back painBloatingFeeling full too fast or having trouble eatingHaving to urinate more often and more urgentlyItching, burning, or tenderness of the vulvaChanges in vulva color or skinAll of the above
All of these are symptoms of gynecologic cancer.
Each of these may be a symptom of gynecologic cancer. Signs and symptoms are not the same for everyone and each gynecologic cancer (cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar) has its own signs and symptoms. But don't worry if you're feeling bloated right before your period or after you eat a large meal. It's more important to notice if you're feeling bloated for no particular reason and it lasts for two weeks or longer. Pay attention to your body so you can recognize symptoms that are not normal for you. And, if you have unusual bleeding, see a doctor right away. You should also visit your doctor if you have other symptoms that persist for two weeks or longer. It may be nothing, but find out for sure.
Any vaginal bleeding after menopause needs to be reported to your doctor. If you have not yet gone through menopause but notice that your periods are heavier or last longer than normal for you, or if you’re having unusual bleeding between periods, talk to your doctor.