1. The principles of plastic surgery are thought to have been discovered in ancient India.
2. But a 16th century Italian surgeon, Gaspare Tagliacozzi, is considered the father of modern plastic surgery.
Tagliacozzi (1545–99) is famous for developing reconstructive surgery, specifically rhinoplasty, to restore noses that had been amputated in the war. His was known as the "Italian method".