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26 Filipino Words Now Officially Part Of The English Language

"Halo-halo," "balikbayan," and "comfort room" are among dozens of new Filipino words in the Oxford English Dictionary.

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1. "Mabuhay"

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The Oxford English Dictionary used this Filipino salutation, literally meaning "long live," to greet readers in a blog post today announcing that dozens of Philippine English words are now officially in the OED.

English has been spoken in the Philippines since it was first introduced to the archipelago by US colonial government in the early 1900s, explained Danica Salazar, the Filipina author of the post who's been pushing to include Filipino-coined words into the OED.

"Throughout the years, Filipino English speakers have been adapting the vocabulary of this once foreign tongue, using it to express their own identity and way of life," Salazar wrote. "Some of these unique lexical innovations have found their way into the OED for the very first time in this latest update."

Here are 25 more Filipino words now added to the dictionary along with their meanings quoted verbatim from the OED.

2. "Balikbayan"

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Meaning: A Filipino visiting or returning to the Philippines after a period of living in another country.

A balikbayan box is a carton shipped or brought to the Philippines from another country by a Filipino who has been living overseas, typically containing items such as food, clothing, toys, and household products.

4. "Sari-sari store"

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Meaning: A small neighbourhood store selling a variety of goods.

6. "Despidida"

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Meaning: A social event honouring someone who is about to depart on a journey or leave an organization; a going-away party

7. "Carnap"

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Meaning: To steal (a motor vehicle)

8. "Halo-halo"

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Meaning: A dessert made of mixed fruits, sweet beans, milk, and shaved ice, typically topped with purple yam, crème caramel, and ice cream.

9. "Utang na loob"

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Meaning: A sense of obligation to return a favour owed to someone.

10. "Comfort room"

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Meaning: A public toilet

11. "KKB" ("Kaniya-kaniyang bayad")

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Meaning: Literally 'each one pays their own,' used especially to indicate that the cost of a meal is to be shared

12. "Barong"

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Meaning: A lightweight, embroidered shirt for men, worn untucked and traditionally made of piña or a similar vegetable fibre.

13. "Pan de sal"

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Meaning: A yeast-raised bread roll made of flour, eggs, sugar and salt, widely consumed in the Philippines, especially for breakfast.

14. "Suki"

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Meaning: A buyer or seller involved in an arrangement whereby a customer regularly purchases products or services from the same provider in exchange for favorable treatment. Also: the arrangement itself.

15. "Bahala na"

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Meaning: Expressing an attitude of optimistic acceptance or fatalistic resignation, esp. in acknowledging that the outcome of an uncertain or difficult situation is beyond one's control or is preordained; 'que sera sera'. Hence, also as a noun, an approach to life characterized by this attitude.

16. "Presidentiable"

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Meaning: A person who is a likely or confirmed candidate for president

17. "Baon"

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Meaning: Money, food, or other provisions taken to school, work, or on a journey.

18. "Mani-pedi"

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Meaning: A beauty treatment comprising both a manicure and a pedicure.

The word, now used all over the world, was first used by "renowned Filipino writer Kerima Polotan-Tuvera in an essay published in 1972," the OED said.

19. "Dirty kitchen"

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Meaning: A kitchen where everyday cooking is done by household staff, as distinct from a kitchen that is purely for show or for special use by the owner of the house.

20. "Sinigang"

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Meaning: In Filipino cookery: a type of soup made with meat, shrimp, or fish and flavoured with a sour ingredient such as tamarind or guava.

21. "Kuya"

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Meaning: An elder brother. Also used as a respectful title or form of address for an older man.

22. "Buko juice"

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Meaning: A drink made from the clear watery liquid inside unripe coconuts; coconut water.

23. "Kikay"

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Meaning: A girl or woman interested in beauty products and fashion.

24. "Barangay"

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Meaning: In the Philippines: a village, suburb, or other demarcated neighbourhood; a small territorial and administrative district forming the most local level of government.

25. "Barkada"

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Meaning: A group of friends.

26. "Gimmick"

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Meaning: A night out with friends.

So there you have it! Let's go have a ~gimmick~ with our barkada.

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