The very real fear of global devastation caused by climate change is so ingrained in the public consciousness that it has spawned its own genre, known as cli-fi.
Films such as The Day After Tomorrow and Snowpiercer have explored the idea of apocalypse brought about from global warming. Entire cities are swallowed by tidal waves and the world turns into a polar wasteland from misguided attempts to turn around rising temperatures.
If the cli-fi genre is to be believed, the outlook is bleak, but some scientists are more hopeful.
They say there are technological solutions available that will not just tackle climate change but make some serious advancements for mankind and improve the way we all live.
The worst case scenario for climate change, scientists say, is something called The Venus Syndrome, which even sounds like a sci-fi movie.
Barry Brook is a professor of environmental stability at the University of Tasmania, and he says there is some possibility that it could happen.
Safe and recyclable nuclear energy
Technogardens and vertical farms
As our population grows, we are running out of room to grow crops. Currently over 80% of the land that is suitable for raising crops is already being used.
Professor Brook says he can imagine a city that grows all its own food.
Instead of having all of our agricultural production on farms that take over large parts of the landscape, he says we should move "to an increasingly concentrated form of energy such as the vertical farm."
Is this actually going to happen?
Yep, vertical gardens are no longer just as a cute way to grow succulents in a milk crate on your apartment balcony. French architectural firm Vincent Callebaut has designed a vertical farm on a huge scale for Shenzhen in China. Mixed-use eco towers would contain offices, retail and apartments as well as sustainable farming. Plus, they look SICK.
Genetically engineered food
If we're going to grow all our food on the walls of our apartment buildings, scientists say we have to be realistic about things like access to sunshine and all that biz.
"A vertical farm needs artificial light, artificial climate control and lots of water. That's where our desalination and industrial-scale heat come from," Brook said.
"Beyond that it requires other techno-fixes such as genetic engineering to produce the types of crops, the GMOs that are most suitable for growing in these types of conditions."
Blasting chemicals into the atmosphere
Painting the oceans white
Concentrate our cities and leave the natural world alone
Watch Professor Barry Brook's speech "Techno-fixes for climate change" at the Australian Academy of Science in full:
Alexandra Lee is a politics reporter for BuzzFeed News and is based in Sydney, Australia.
Contact Alex Lee at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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