10 Scientific Reasons You Should Drink More Tequila

One tequila, two tequila, three tequila, SCIENCE!

1. Agave, the plant that is used to make tequila, takes about a decade to reach peak ripeness.

 

The process is pretty cool: The leaves are cut off, leaving only the giant agave heads, which are baked and shredded. Water pressure extracts the plant’s honeys and pulp. The pulp is thrown away and the sweet juices whisked away for fermentation.

2. Bats help pollinate agave!

Merlin D. Tuttle

 

Well, as long as they’re around: Mexican and lesser long-nosed bats, which feed on nectars and pollens and can hover like hummingbirds, have been endangered since the 1980s.

3. It gives you a terrible hangover because of loose government regulations.

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Our regulations. Mexican law is strict: Tequila must be made with 100% agave (Weber blue, specifically) from Jalisco. But a 2006 agreement, in an attempt to protect U.S. bottling-plant investments, basically said those standards don’t apply to us.

The U.S. allows it to be 49% other liquids and still be called tequila.

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NBC

 

Though it’s made in Mexico, it can be bottled abroad. Anything that’s not 100% agave is a mixto. The filler? Usually sugar-based alcohols. Meaning you’re mixing alcohols. Meaning headaches.

4. Tequila can form diamonds.

20th Century Fox / Via fragramarilynmonroe.blogspot.com

Scientists in Mexico were messing around with organic solutions to try and make diamonds and noticed that the ideal compound (40% ethanol, 60% water) was similar to tequila. So they fired 80-proof tequila vapor over a balmy 1400ºF and voilà! A million f*cking diamonds! The crystals formed an ultra-thin film, and the high temperature removed all of their impurities.

Well, sort of. The process is expensive, and while the synthetic diamonds are super durable and heat-resistant and can be used to commercially to coat cutting tools, their usage is being researched. But still: diamonds!

5. It has over 60 scent compounds.

The five most powerful compounds smell like chocolate (isovaleraldehyde), whiskey (isoamyl alcohol), beer (β-damascenone), florals (2-phenylethanol), and vanilla (vanillin).

6. Agave can help build better bones.

Forget milk (sorry, cookies). An ingredient in agave might help fight osteoporosis. Fructans are fructoses — the sugar found in honey and fruits — linked together in long, branched chains.

While they change into alcohol when agave is made into tequila, scientists found that supplementing a diet with agave fructans can help boost the body’s absorption of calcium and magnesium, which are important for bone growth.

7. It could become a new possible sweetener…

Leonora Enking / Creative Commons / Via Flickr: 33037982@N04

OK, so agavins — a natural form of sugar found in agave — also aren’t technically in tequila because they are converted to ethanol to make it. But because they’re non-digestible and can act as a dietary fiber, they can help reduce glucose levels and increase insulin, making them a possible sweetener for diabetics, according to research presented at a meeting of the American Chemical society.

Just don’t confuse the agave sweeteners you find at the supermarket for agavins: The chemical make-up is different!

8. …and can keep you fuller, longer.

Fructans also stimulate incretins, the gastrointestinal hormones that boost insulin — and one of those incretins is a good satiety enhancer, meaning you can feel fuller on less food.

9. Molecular fingerprinting can identify high-quality tequila.

Gateway Analytical / Via gatewayanalytical.com

This machine may look boring, but it stands between you and good tequila. Knockoffs are as big a problem in the alcohol industry as any other, but researchers can help identify real 100% agave tequila from fraudulent booze using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.

The molecular fingerprinting takes just two minutes and can identify high-quality tequila’s chemical profile. Considering tequila is estimated to be a billion-dollar industry, advancements in chemistry like this can help monitor authenticity.

10. It has potential to help fuel the world.

Argonne National Laboratory / Creative Commons / Via Flickr: argonne

Agave also has potential as a bioenergy crop. Biofuels are made from living organisms and can harsh to land and consume a lot of energy to process, but a review of 14 studies showed two agave species’ output surpassed the yields of other biofuel materials.

Plus, it can withstand stressful climate changes and be harvested as a co-product of tequila without any extra land demands — especially in the tropics and subtropics, where areas can be too parched or soil too degraded to support food crops.

Take it away, April.

NBC / Via pandawhale.com

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