• 1. Beef

  • 2. Water

  • 3. Isolated Oat Product

    Used as a cheap “meat extender” to increase shelf life and impart a savory, protein flavor.

  • 4. Salt

  • 5. Chili Pepper

  • 6. Onion Powder

  • 7. Tomato Powder

  • 8. Oats

    See isolated oat product.

  • 9. Soy Lecithin

    An emulsifier and “wetting agent.”

  • 10. Sugar

  • 11. Spices

  • 12. Maltodextrin

    An additive used as a sweetener, typically corn-based.

  • 13. Soybean Oil

  • 14. Garlic Powder

  • 15. Autolyzed Yeast Extract

    Autolyzed yeast extract contains monosodium glutamate and is used as a less expensive substitute for MSG.

  • 16. Citric Acid

    Used in this instance as a meat tenderizer.

  • 17. Caramel Color

  • 18. Cocoa Powder

  • 19. Silicon Dioxide

    Silicon dioxide is used as an anti-caking agent in food, but is also used to make silica gel desiccants.

  • 20. Natural Flavors

  • 21. Yeast

  • 22. Modified Corn Starch

  • 23. Natural Smoke Flavor

  • 24. More Salt

  • 25. Sodium Phosphate

    Used as a meat preservative in food, sodium phosphate is also an effective laxative found in enemas.