2. Even with a horse, travel was long and hard. Most people never bothered.
Philadelphia - 2 Days
Columbus - 3 Weeks
Milwaukee - 2 Months
(Future Site Of) Sacramento - 1+ Years
By 1830, travel was revolutionized as passenger trains became more widespread.
3. But train speeds capped out at 30 mph, so travel was still time consuming. (But fancy!)
Philadelphia - 1 Day
Columbus - 1 Week
Milwaukee - 1 Month
Sacramento - 6 Months