World

How One Pastor Is Fighting For The Lives Of Juarez’s Drug Addicts And Mentally Ill

Pastor Jose Antonio Galvan opened a shelter in the Mexican border town 18 years ago, providing a home for those who have nowhere else to go.

John Stanton/BuzzFeed

CIUDAD JUAREZ, Mexico — “When I came, I was ready to die,” said Josue, waving at a collection of squat buildings with a twisted hand that is left with one tortured finger thanks to shooting drugs for too long. “I was like a dead man.”

Josue’s face, scarred by years of hard living in the streets of Juarez, comes alive with a grin as he recalled the days before he arrived at the shelter he now calls home. “I was inside using diapers for nine months,” he said. “I was crazy. I was crazy.”

Josue credits his salvation to Pastor Jose Antonio Galvan, a former drug addict turned street preacher who established the Vision in Action Ministry’s shelter 18 years ago.

Then, it was a collection of tents in the eastern desert outskirts of Juarez, past the slums, past the refinery, past the scrap yards and just past burial grounds where the drug cartels bury their victims.

Josue has been living at the shelter for eight years. John Stanton/BuzzFeed

Today, the shelter is a small, chaotic collection of rooms situated around three patios that offer refuge to patients — the mentally ill, physically disabled, and strung out homeless of Juarez — who have either been forgotten or abandoned. Its newest buildings have gleaming white walls and tiled floors, funded by donations from U.S. and Mexican businesses.

“This is a village for people who end up in the street,” said Josue. Unlike state hospitals, where mentally and physically disabled people can go for a short time, the mission can become a permanent home. “State hospitals will take them for three months at most. But here, we don’t tell them to go. I’ve been here eight years. Some have been here 18,” Josue said.

It is a haven for the most vulnerable members of a society that has been racked by violence and drugs for more than a decade. Although levels of violence have dropped since their peak in 2011, they remain high: So far this year, Juarez, a city of 1.5 million people, is averaging 30 to 50 murders a month, according to local news outlets, and drug abuse continues to be a major problem for the city.

For those trying to get clean, rehab is not much of an option anymore: Over the past few years, gunmen have targeted rehab facilities, murdering dozens of patients and staff.

And so the shelter is growing. Soon it will feature a new patio with a fountain, picnic tables, benches, and art on the walls.

John Stanton/BuzzFeed

In the yard, men haul buckets out of a huge hole, dumping them along the property line. The smell of human waste hangs in the air: The septic tank is on the fritz.

The men working on the tank are patients. Putting patients to work is a key part of the ministry’s approach. “In the hospitals, they give them so much drugs they’re just like this,” said Josue, slumping and shuffling like a zombie. “We talk to them. We tell them, ‘We need you to do something. We don’t want you over on the patio lying down.’ We need them to keep their minds busy.” John Stanton/BuzzFeed

There are 107 men and women who currently call the shelter home.

There are no real fences to speak of, no guards or muscled orderlies tasked with maintaining order at the end of a pill cup or hard leather restraints. Anyone can leave. “You can run off, but where will you go? Back to the streets?” Josue said. John Stanton/BuzzFeed

The shelter runs on donations and the sale of artwork made by patients.

Art, some by the pastor but most by patients, hangs on walls throughout the shelter. Painting and other arts and crafts are a big part of the recovery process. One patient who has since died couldn’t speak before he started painting, and explained his abstract style as “how he talked,” Josue said. John Stanton/BuzzFeed

Some patients have become too violent for their families to take care of them. Others have been abandoned to the streets. One woman, born with only one arm, lived on the streets of Juarez where she was repeatedly beaten and raped until the pastor took her in.

Another patient’s mental illness became too much for his family when he burned down their home. “It’s not that they don’t want them. They just can’t take care of them,” Josue said.

There is little staff. A nurse visits every Friday. There is an acupuncturist from Las Cruces, N.M., who works with patients. A psychiatrist conducts therapy sessions on Sundays. Almost everything else is done by the pastor and veteran patients.

In addition to helping with the physical upkeep of the shelter, patients cook meals, take care of other patients, and work with one another on their recovery.

John Stanton/BuzzFeed

 

There are a few volunteers, but they don’t last. “I tell them, ‘Well, you have to brush their teeth, wash them, wipe the shit from their legs’ … They don’t come back,” Josue said.

The shelter’s pantry shelves are stocked, but never for long. “This will last a few days, maybe,” Josue said of the current stock.

John Stanton/BuzzFeed

To supplement the food donations, patients have begun raising livestock: chickens, turkeys, pigs, and goats for eating, and a henhouse that produces 80 eggs on a good day.

John Stanton/BuzzFeed

They save piles of scrap wood from old shipping pallets and demolition sites that they use for heat. “Sometimes the gas runs out, and when it’s really cold, we use the wood,” Josue said.

John Stanton/BuzzFeed

Patients call the complex’s inner courtyard “the patio.”

Some are nearly catatonic, lost in a world of their own minds. Others have various physical problems that confine them to wheelchairs. One man struggles to pull his jeans over a bulging adult diaper, as another repeatedly insists he’s an American citizen who was wrongfully deported. Another patient dances in a circle to a tune only he hears, while a reed-thin woman shuffles about in drooping scrub bottoms, asking if anyone has any pants. “She always asks this,” Josue said. John Stanton/BuzzFeed

Along one wall are a series of cells where the most violent patients — and in some cases, junkies detoxing off years of drug use — are kept.

The men and women scream insults from from the cells in Spanish and English, alternating between threats and pained pleas to be let loose. John Stanton/BuzzFeed

It seems intolerable, but compared with the realities of life on the streets of Juarez, where death and despair reign supreme, it’s the safest place many of these people will know. “Some people may say we’re mean. But I say to them, ‘Well, will you take them into your home?’ We do the best with what we have,” said Josue.

John Stanton/BuzzFeed

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