Amelia Earhart — pioneering aviator and the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.
Sandra Day O'Connor — former associate justice of the Supreme Court and the first woman to serve on the Court.
Marie Curie — pioneering physicist and the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize.
Joan Benoit — American marathon runner and first woman to win gold in an Olympic marathon.
Valentina Tereshkova — Russian cosmonaut and the first woman in space.
Mae C. Jemison — American astronaut and the first black woman in space.
Sally Ride — American astronaut and the first American woman in space.
Frances Perkins — sociologist and the first woman appointed to the US Cabinet.
Margaret Thatcher — British politician and the first woman to be appointed prime minister in the UK.
Edith Wharton — author and the first woman to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Literature.
Junko Tabei — mountaineer and the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
Madeleine Albright — American politician and the first woman to become the US secretary of state.
Hillary Clinton — American politician and the first woman to be nominated for president by a major US political party.
Benazir Bhutto — Pakistani politician and the first woman to lead a Muslim majority nation.
Eleanor Roosevelt — activist and first chair of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
Sarah Breedlove — the first woman to become a self-made millionaire in the US.
Gwendolyn Brooks — the first woman to win a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry.
Nadia Comaneci — Romanian gymnast and the first person to be awarded a perfect score of 10.0 at the Olympic Games.
Janet Guthrie — race car driver and the first woman to compete in the Indianapolis 500 and the Daytona 500.
Margaret Sanger — activist and the person who opened the first birth control clinic in the US.
Ann E. Dunwoody — retired general of the US Army and the first woman to achieve the rank of four-star general.
Shirley Chisholm — American politician and the first black woman to elected to Congress.
Grace Hopper — rear admiral in the US Navy and pioneer of computer programming.
Margaret Bourke-White — photographer and the first female war photojournalist.
Mary Edwards Walker — Civil War surgeon and the first and only woman to ever receive the Medal of Honor.
Helen Keller — activist and the first deaf and blind person to earn a bachelor's degree.
Jeannette Rankin — American politician, activist, and the first woman to hold federal office in the US.
Gabriel H. Sanchez is the photo essay editor for BuzzFeed News and is based in New York City.
Contact Gabriel H. Sanchez at email@example.com.
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