Everything starts on the ground. The soil is treated with organic matter, waste from our kitchens and compost. The organic material that will be put on the ground will give the plants all the nutrients they need, without the need for fertilizers. The soil should not be too sandy or clayey, because in the first case, the correct moisture needed by the crop will not be maintained and, in the second, it may be too dense for root growth.
As we mentioned before, the only fertilizer that will be used will be the waste of food products and organic compounds. Egg shells and fruits, food scraps, coffee grounds, garden pruning, etc. Everything natural. This will give your plants the vitamins and minerals they need.
When planning your garden, do not forget that your plants need some insects. For example, ladybugs eat aphids, which suck the sap of any plant, damaging it. In addition, spiders are very important for the growth of your garden and repel some pests.
Also, the garden design is essential to ensure your health. Keeping close to some plants can not only keep the soil underneath them, keeping the humidity adequate but also hinder the growth of weeds. Close, but not too much, however, to avoid the development of fungi and diseases.
5. Grow "friendly"
A wide variety of plants is grown according to their relationship to one another. For example, bean plants fix nitrogen in the soil, which maize plants use to produce healthy ears. The corn returns the favor to the beans, providing support for them to grow. Grow also pumpkins to control the growth of weeds!
6. Crop Rotation
In this case, it is a matter of varying the location of the plants, from station to station. This reduces the depletion of mineral resources and the potential for infestations and diseases. The diseases are reduced because the parasites that infest a plant do not produce damages to other different species. In addition, plants, such as beans, as we have seen before, can leave in the soil nutrients that other plants can use during the next harvest.
Reducing water waste is one of the key points of organic gardening. The idea is to collect rainwater, use mulch or mulch, reuse the wasted water in the home. Use the mulch to keep the soil moist for longer, ensuring a lower water consumption.
9. Cover crops
They are the plants that grow between seasons. They help to rebuild the earth with vital nutrients, avoiding erosion. They can also be used to feed useful insects and keep weeds at bay, in the absence of crops.
Organic gardening is built around the concept of sustainability, which also applies to seeds. In fact, at home, we have a large variety of seeds at zero cost, which we can plant. To ensure the purity of what grows, however, it is necessary to avoid cross-pollination, maintaining a certain distance between plants of different varieties.