1. The attacks were not predicted by a post on the French site JeuxVideo – this screenshot is a fake.
The screenshot, which circulated in the aftermath of the attacks, supposedly shows a post from 5 November predicting attacks that would kill more than 100 people in Paris in “a few days”, but – as BuzzFeed France reported – the screenshot had been altered. The actual post says nothing about any attacks:
2. The Eiffel Tower did not go dark in memory of the victims.
The Sky News video that was widely shared of the Eiffel Tower’s lights being switched off was actually from January, in the aftermath of the Charlie Hebdo attacks.
3. This picture, said to be of the concert in the Bataclan shortly before the attack, doesn’t show that.
4. Fire did break out in the “Jungle” migrant camp in Calais, but it is not clear that it was a revenge attack.
The causes of the fire at the migrant camp in Calais are currently undetermined – “the details are sketchy at the moment”, one aid worker told BuzzFeed News. There is currently no evidence to support the rumours that it was an arson attack in revenge for events in Paris; it was not the first fire to break out in the camp in recent months.
5. This picture doesn’t show a march in Germany expressing solidarity with the French – it’s from an anti-immigration event in January.
It actually shows a march in Dresden by the German anti-Islam group Pegida.
6. Pictures have circulated online claiming to identify the social media accounts of some of the terrorists, but authorities have not yet released any identities.
French authorities have yet to release the identities of any of the attackers, so it is impossible to verify whether the images are accurate. In the aftermath of previous attacks, innocent people have regularly been identified as terrorists both on social media and in the press.
7. Donald Trump’s tweet about French gun control laws was from January, not in response to the current attacks.
The would-be Republican presidential candidate has been widely criticised for this tweet by people who believed it was an insensitive response to Friday’s attacks. However, it was actually Trump’s response to the Charlie Hebdo attack in January (it was criticised for being insensitive then too).
This was Trump’s tweeted response to the current attacks.
8. This widely shared image of the Eiffel Tower combined with the peace sign is not by Banksy.
The “Banksy” Twitter account is a hoax account (or “fan account”, as its bio says) that regularly reposts other artists’ work without credit. The Eiffel Tower image was actually created by Jean Jullien:
9. The Empire State Building didn’t change its colours.
Multiple tweets claimed that the Empire State Building in New York was lit in the colours of the French flag on Friday night. In reality the pictures were from January, when the colours were changed in solidarity with the attack on the Charlie Hebdo offices.
This time the lights were turned off completely.
10. This image of deserted Paris is actually from a 2008 art project.
This image of Place de la Concorde in central Paris is actually from 2008 and is part of an art project called “Silent Witness” which imagines city centres at the end of the world by using long exposure photography.
11. This image of Parisians taking to the streets is from the aftermath of January’s Charlie Hebdo attacks.
Unlike in January, Parisian officials are discouraging large public gatherings and vigils.
12. Uber did not hike its taxi fares during the attacks.
Uber’s surge pricing system is designed to increase taxi fares at times of high demand. During the 2014 terrorist attack on Sydney the company boasted it was increasing prices in order to bring more drivers on to the streets, prompting accusations of profiteering.
However, there is no evidence that Uber increased its fares during Friday night’s attacks in Paris. The company insists it suspended all surge pricing and kept its service running.