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Politics

These Charts Explain Where Our Welfare Spending Actually Goes

The government is planning to cut billions from welfare. But where will it come from, and how severe will the pain be?

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The Tories have said they want to cut this by £12 billion – but that might be trickier than it sounds.

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As well as the £83 billion on state pensions, we spend £20 billion on other forms of pension (largely those for public-sector workers), and £28 billion on other benefits for OAPs.

That £28 billion breaks down into £15 billion on pensioner-specific benefits (such as the winter fuel allowance) and £13 billion on general benefits (such as disability allowance or housing benefit) that happen to be received by pensioners.

However, of that about £28 billion goes on "personal social services". This could cover anything from the cost of looking after children to caring for elderly and disabled people – in other words, it's not a direct cash payment like a pension or jobseeker's allowance.

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About £37 billion goes on child benefit and other family support. About £36 billion goes on benefits for people who are ill or disabled. About £34 billion goes on things like tax credits to support people on low income. And about £4.5 billion goes to the unemployed.

(This actually overstates the total, since some of the disability and child support money will be going to people of retirement age.)

There have already been significant cuts to welfare spending. In 2010, when the Coalition came to power, total government spending was equivalent to £806 billion in today's money, of which £272 billion was welfare and pensions.

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The government has promised that the £12 billion won't come out of pensions.

In fact, the Conservatives have pledged to keep the "triple lock", meaning that pensions will keep rising in line with inflation or wages. They've also promised to maintain all the pensioner-specific benefits.

But since £12 billion is nearly three times as much as the country spends on benefits for the unemployed, it will definitely hit "hard-working families" as well as "benefit scroungers".

Tom Chivers is a science writer for BuzzFeed and is based in London.

Contact Tom Chivers at tom.chivers@buzzfeed.com.

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