Bristol BeaufighterSupermarine SpitfireDe Havilland Hornet
It is, of course, the beautiful, iconic Supermarine Spitfire.
Most famous for its role in the Battle of Britain, but the Spitfire flew throughout the war.
Hawker HurricaneHawker TempestHawker Typhoon
It is the Hawker Hurricane.
Not as glamorous as the Spitfire, but it was the real workhorse of the Battle of Britain.
B-17 Flying FortressB-29 SuperfortressB-24 Liberator
It's the B-17 Flying Fortress.
If you've seen the film Memphis Belle, this is the plane that Sean Astin ended up hanging out of the bottom of.
Curtiss P-40 WarhawkMikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3Messerschmitt Bf 109
It's the Bf-109.
The mainstay of the Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain and beyond.
Handley Page HalifaxAvro LancasterVickers Wellington
It's the Avro Lancaster.
Most famous as the aircraft of 617 Squadron, the "Dam Busters".
Messerschmitt Bf 110Junkers Ju 88Lockheed P-38 Lightning
It is the P-38 Lightning.
Easily recognisable with the distinctive twin-boom design. It had several roles, including long-range escort fighter, dive bomber, and fighter-bomber.
Bristol BeaufighterNorthrop P-61 Black WidowDe Havilland Mosquito
It is the outrageously beautiful Mosquito, flown by the RAF and many other Allied air forces.
It was made almost entirely out of wood, since metal was hard to come by, but was one of the most versatile and effective heavy fighters of the war.
Hawker TornadoHawker TyphoonHawker Tempest
It is the Hawker Typhoon.
It was designed as a high-altitude interceptor, but never really worked in that role. It became hugely successful as a low-altitude fighter and ground-attack aircraft.
North American P-51 MustangGrumman F6F HellcatVought F4U Corsair
It's the P-51.
It was an American-built, but commissioned and first flown by the RAF in the years before the US joined the war. It remained in service with the USAAF until after the Korean war.
Heinkel He-112Focke Wulf Fw-190Grumman F4F Wildcat
It is the Fw-190.
It was highly feared by Allied pilots for its speed and heavy armament after it came into service in 1941.
Lockheed VenturaB-26 MarauderB-25 Mitchell
It's the B-25.
It's the plane flown by Yossarian – or, technically, the plane in which Yossarian was the bomb-aimer – in Catch-22.
Yakovlev Yak-9Misubishi A6M "Zero"Mitsubishi J2M "Jack"
It's the A6M, known by its pilots as the "Zero".
It was a fearsome, unmatched fighter in the Pacific theatre in the first years after Pearl Harbour, but it became outdated as the US introduced new aircraft. Later in the war it was used in kamikaze missions.
Junkers Ju 87Junkers Ju 88Junkers Ju 86
It's the Ju-87, better known as the Stuka.
It was the terrifying dive bomber of Hitler's Blitzkrieg, although it became a liability during the Battle of Britain.
Gloster MeteorMesserschmitt Me 262Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star
It's the Me-262.
At the end of the war, both the Allies and the Axis were developing jet fighters. The Me 262 was one of those, but came too late to have a serious impact on the course of the war.
The German aircraft manufacturer is called "Messerschmitt"; the Superfortress's designation was the B-29; and the Mitsubishi A6M was known as the "Zero" by its pilots. An earlier version of this piece had "Messerschmidt" and "B-25 Superfortress", and said that "Zero" was the Allied name for the plane. The author of this piece hangs his head in shame before his fellow plane nerds, although he insists the B-25 thing was a typo.