Psoriasis is is an autoimmune disease that is not considered a neglected tropical disease. The other three (Lymphatic Filariasis, Schistosomiasis, Onchocerciasis) are different neglected tropical diseases.
Elephantiasis is caused by parasitic worms but transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. Some usual symptoms include swelling or hardening of the skin.
Ascariasis (Roundworm)Trichuriasis (Whipworm)SchistosomiasisHookworm
Hookworm is an intestinal parasite that affects more than 700 million people across the world. Hookworm larvae are found in human feces and transmitted to humans through contact with contaminated soil.
It costs 2 cents to buy the medication needed to treat roundworm. Surprisingly, it does not cost much money to treat neglected tropical diseases.
Southeast AsiaIndiaAfricaSouth America
River blindness is transmitted by infected Simulium black flies that live near bodies of water in Africa. Interestingly enough, 99% of all river blindness cases occur in Africa.
The legsThe eyesThe mouthThe brain
Trachoma is an infectious disease of the eye. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Trachoma can lead to irreversible blindness if left untreated.
water contaminationsoil contaminationfood contamination
Snail fever is a parasitic disease carried by fresh water snails. The disease itself is transmitted by contact with contaminated water. This contact can include swimming, bathing, or even fishing in contaminated water.
Ascariasis, or roundworm, is an intestinal parasitic infection and is part of a family of parasites known as the soil-transmitted helminths. Hookworm and whipworm are also soil-transmitted helminths. "Helminths" are parasitic worms.
TeensMiddle Aged Men and WomenThe elderlyChildren
Children are most susceptible to whipworm because whipworm is transmitted through contaminated soil (like roundworm and hookworm) and children often play outside in the dirt and forget to wash their hands.
100 million5 million500 million
Neglected Tropical Diseases are the most common afflictions of the world's poorest people, affecting more than half a billion children around the world. Unfortunately, these diseases are prevalent because many people don't have access to proper sanitation or medical resources.