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    14 Indian Women In Science You Should Know About

    Who run the world?

    1. Bibha Chowdhuri (1913—1991)

    2. Dr. Gagandeep Kang

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    What is perhaps one of the biggest achievements in the scientific world, Dr Gagandeep Kang was the first female Indian scientist to get elected a fellow of The Royal Society. She is a virologist and a professor at the prestigious Christian Medical College in Vellore. Her research focuses on gastrointestinal infections in children.

    3. Kamal Ranadive (1917—2001)

    4. Dr. Tessy Thomas

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    An aerospace scientist, Dr. Tessy Thomas is the first ever woman scientist to lead a missile project in India. For this reason, she is often known as the "Missile Woman of India". She was formerly the project director for the Agni-IV Missile and has been a recipient of the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence in Public Administration Academics and Management.

    5. Asima Chatterjee (1917—2006)

    6. Dr. Ritu Karidhal

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    Also known as the "Rocket Woman of India", Dr. Ritu Karidhal is an aerospace engineer at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). She played a vital role in the development of Mangalyaan, India's Mars Orbiter Mission. Moreover, she was the Mission Director for Chandryaan 2, the country's second exploration mission to the moon.

    7. Kadambini Ganguly (1862—1923) and Anandi Gopal Joshi (1865—1887)

    8. Aditi Sen De

    Physicist Aditi Sen De, who is also a professor at the Harish-Chandra Research Institute in Allahabad, was the first woman to receive the coveted Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, for her work in physical sciences, by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. Her contribution to the exacting field of quantum computation — particularly quantum entanglement — is truly path-breaking.

    9. Janaki Ammal (1897—1984)

    10. Chandrima Shaha

    A biologist by profession, Chandrima Shaha happens to be the first ever female president of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA). She was also the former director of the National Institute of Immunology. With cell biology (cell death in particular) as her specialisation, she has substantially researched and penned several papers about Kala-azar, or Black Fever, a tropical disease that is caused by the Leishmania parasite.

    11. Mangala Mani

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    Mangala Mani is the first woman scientist from the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to spend more than a year (403 days to be precise) in the continent of Antarctica. In 2016, she was part of the expedition team that went to Bharati, India’s Antarctic research station. She has been profiled in the "100 Women Challenge" — the BBC's series on women in science.

    12. Rukhmabai Bhikaji (1864—1955)

    One of the first practising female doctors in India, Rukhmabai Bhikaji's story is an absolutely awe-inspiring one. She was married off at the age of 11 to a 19-year-old man named Dadaji Bhikaji and even as a child bride, she had the guts to contest his claims to conjugal rights. This later led to the enactment of the Age of Consent Act. Rukhmabai then went on to study medicine, receiving her MD from the London School of Medicine for Women.

    13. Swati Mohan

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    An Indian-American aerospace engineer, Swati was a part of the team that led the development and landing system of NASA's Perseverance Rover in 2020. She was the first person to confirm that the rover had successfully touched down on the surface of Mars. She holds a Ph.D. in Aeronautics and Astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).