BuzzFeed News and the polling firm Ipsos partnered with UCLA Law School’s Williams Institute to conduct a survey on attitudes towards transgender people across 23 countries.
In 2014, the Supreme Court ruled that the government must enact broad reforms to correct the history of transgender discrimination on the basis of gender identity.
A majority of people in the survey said they supported the progressive transgender rights bill unanimously passed by the Rajya Sabha in 2015.
You can read the complete findings of the BuzzFeed News/Ipsos survey — which covered 23 countries around the world — on BuzzFeed News. Here are some specific findings about Indians' attitudes toward transgender people:
1.Around 85% believe that transgender people should be protected from discrimination by the government.
2.82% of Indians supported the 2014 Supreme Court order protecting transgender rights, with 47% of them strongly agreeing and 35% somewhat agreeing.
3.64% of Indians believe that transgender persons should be allowed to be biological parents to children.
4.73% of Indians believe that transgender persons should also be allowed to adopt children.
5.74% of Indians think there should be public bathrooms reserved for transgender persons.
6.64% said they also support reserving seats in the legislature for transgender people, similar to the 33% reservation for women.
7.70% of Indians agree that transgender people should be allowed to have surgery so that their body matches their identity.
8.80% of Indians believe transgender persons should receive financial assistance from the government.
However, Indians reported that they were less familiar with transgender people than people in many other countries in the survey:
9.Only 20% of Indian respondents in the survey said they know a transgender person.
10.Indian respondents also expressed less comfort with transgender people than with those who identfy as gay/lesbian when asked how they felt about both groups as neighbours.
11.While 24% of the respondents thought that individuals should be able to change their legal sex designation without any restrictions, around 11% of Indians opposed changing legal sex designation for any reason.
12.48% of Indians agree that trans persons have spiritual gifts, consistent with the superstition that a hijra's blessings are considered to be powerful.
13.62% also seem to agree that trans persons have a special place in society.
14.At the same time, around 49% agreed that transgender people "are committing a sin."
15.55% of Indians say that transgender persons are "violating the traditions of my culture."
16.Also, 69% of Indians believe that transgender persons have a form of physical disability, and 57% feel that they have a form of mental illness.
Overall, India placed eighth when it came to public support for trans rights of countries in the BuzzFeed News survey.