The correct answer is Pelé!
Born Edson Arantes do Nascimento, he led Brazil to win three World Cups, holds the record for most goals scored in career at 1,279, and was the joint winner of FIFA's player of the century award in 1999. He was also awarded the International Peace Award for his work with UNICEF.
First black athlete to compete at WimbledonFirst black woman to compete in a golf pro tourFirst black athlete to win a Grand SlamAll the above
She was all the above!
During the 40s and early 50s, most tennis tournaments were closed to people of color. Althea Gibson was the first black tennis player to compete at the US National Championships in 1950 and Wimbledon in 1951 (both of which she went on to later win), and she became the first person of color to win a Grand Slam title. She also was the first black woman to compete on the pro golf tour.
Kevin DurantLarry BirdMagic JohnsonWill Chamberlain
The answer is Magic Johnson!
Earvin "Magic" Johnson, Jr. is a Hall of Fame basketball player, five-time NBA Champion, 12-time NBA All-Star, and a member of the US Olympic Dream Team. He retired from the Lakers in 1991, after revealing that he had HIV, raising awareness and bringing attention to the medical condition. That same year he created the Magic Johnson Foundation to support HIV/AIDS research and awareness programs.
First black gymnast to compete at the OlympicsFirst black woman to win an Olympic medalFirst black woman to win an individual Olympic medal in gymnasticsFirst black gymnast to win an Olympic medal
Dawes was the first black female gymnast to win an individual Olympic medal.
In 1988, she became the first black athlete to make the national women's team. She participated in the Olympic Games as part of the US women's gymnastics team in 1992, 1996, and 2000, winning a team medal each time and an individual bronze in 1996.
This track star is Wilma Rudolph!
Rudolph overcame polio to become the first American woman to win three gold medals in track and field at the same Olympic games. She was inducted into the US Olympic Hall of Fame in the 1980s and in 2004, the United States Postal Service honored her by putting her on a 23-cent stamp.
13-time NBA Champion12-time NBA All-StarFirst black head coach in US professional sportsAll the above
Bill Russell isn't a 13-time NBA Champion, he's an 11-time NBA Champion.
Bill Russell is credited with the Celtics takeover during the 1960s and bringing the franchise 11 championships in his 13 seasons as a player and player-coach. He is a five-time NBA Most Valuable Player, 12-time NBA All-Star, and also the first black head coach in NBA history and in the history of professional sports in the US.
Carl Lewis and Willie DavenportJesse Owen and Rafer JohnsonTommie Smith and John CarlosKip Keino and Barney Ewell
The answer is Tommie Smith and John Carlos.
The above picture was taken at the 1968 Olympics, after Smith placed first and Carlos placed third in the men's 200-meter sprint. Smith and Carlos came to the ceremony dressed in black socks and no shoes to represent black poverty, and a black glove to express black strength and unity. When the national anthem played they both bowed their heads and raised one fist.
His name is Muhammad Ali!
Born Cassius Clay, Jr., he changed his name to Muhammad Ali after converting to Islam in 1964. Not only did he claim the Heavyweight Title three times, he was also an Olympic gold medalist. Ali was suspended from boxing and sentenced to prison for refusing to fight in the Vietnam War. But he appealed and his conviction was vacated. He was a devout philanthropist, earning the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2005.
It's Jackie Robinson!
Despite the racism and segregation that was determined to hold him back, Jackie Robinson became the first black athlete to play Major League Baseball in the 20th century. He signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947, and was named Rookie of the Year that year, National League MVP in 1949, and a World Series champ in 1955. Robinson opened the door for other black baseball players, such as Willie Mays and Hank Aaron.
First black woman to win the 200-meter sprintFirst black woman to win an Olympic gold medalFirst black woman to win the 60-meter hurdlesFirst black woman to win a bronze medal
Alice Coachman was the first black woman to win an Olympic gold medal.
The track and field star made history at the 1948 Olympic Games, when she won the high-jump event and became the first black woman to win an Olympic gold medal.
It's Arthur Ashe!
Ashe is the only black male to win the US Open, Wimbledon, and the Australian Open. He was also a passionate spokesman for the American civil rights movement and HIV awareness. He died from AIDS-related pneumonia in 1993.
It's Tiger Woods!
Born "Eldrick Tont Woods," the pro golfer won the US Masters in 1997 at age 21, making him the youngest man and the first black man to do so. He went on to win another 14 majors and was named PGA Player of the Year 11 times.
Set the record for rebounds in one game.Coach in the NBA as a black man.Come out as gay.Create his own sneaker line.
Amaechi was the first NBA player to openly identify himself as gay.
In 2007, Amaechi came out as gay. He also served as a human rights ambassador for Amnesty International and established the ABC Foundation, which builds sports centers in England and fosters children’s involvement in sports and their communities.
First black woman to ever play professional softballFirst woman to play in the OlympicsFirst black athlete to win a professional sports championshipFirst woman to ever play professionally in a men's league
Stone was the first woman to ever play professionally in a men's league.
Toni "Tomboy" Stone made history in 1953 when she joined the Negro Major Leagues, making her the first woman ever to play professionally in a men's league.
This badass track star was Jesse Owens, who made history in the 1936 Olympic Games.
Adolf Hitler tried to use the 1936 Olympic games to showcase his Third Reich, and prove the "superiority" of the Aryan race. Owens made a huge statement by winning four gold medals in the the long jump, 200m sprint, 100m sprint, and the 4x100m relay that summer.
First black NFL coachFirst black man to win the Heisman TrophyFirst black man to play in the Rose BowlFirst black NFL quarterback
Fritz Pollard was not the first black man to win the Heisman Trophy.
In 1916, Pollard became the first black athlete to play in the Rose Bowl, and later in the 1920s he became the first black quarterback and head coach in the NFL all during a time of extreme segregation and racial tension.
Winning the Detroit's Golden Gloves light-heavyweight title in 1934Taking the heavyweight champion title in 1937 from James "Cinderella Man" BraddockKnocking out Germany's Max Schmeling in 1938All the above
Louis accomplished all of these throughout his career!
Louis won Detroit's Golden Gloves light-heavyweight title in 1934 and became boxing's heavyweight champion when he defeated James J. Braddock in 1937. He also became a national hero to Americans when he knocked out Germany's Max Schmeling — who was regarded by Hitler as an example of Aryan supremacy — in 1938.
It's Serena Williams!
Williams won her first major Grand Slam title in 1999. Since then, she's won 23 Grand Slam titles, surpassing Steffi Graf's record and taking the world number one ranking. Along with her record-breaking individual success, she also has a series of doubles titles with her sister Venus.
First black athlete to win the PGA tourFive-time Negro National Open ChampionFirst black athlete to play in The MastersFirst black athlete to compete on the PGA tour
Sifford was the first black athlete to compete on the PGA tour.
Sifford won six Negro Open championships and challenged the Professional Golf Association's whites-only rule, desegregating the organization despite harassment and death threats.
It's Syracuse's Ernie Davis!
Davis played halfback and was a two-time All-American and 1961 Heisman Trophy winner, the first black man to ever receive the award. His sophomore year, he led Syracuse University to a national championship and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1979. In 1962, he became the first black athlete to be picked first overall in the NFL draft, but he wasn't able to play a pro game; Davis died at age 23 of leukemia.
Sheryl SwoopesCandace ParkerBrittney GrinerTamika Catchings
It's Sheryl Swoopes!
Swoopes is a three-time Olympic gold medalist and the first player signed to the WNBA. She's known to some as the "female Michael Jordan." Swoopes has been named the WNBA MVP multiple times and is the first woman to have a Nike shoe named after her.
First black gymnast to win a gold medalFirst black athlete to make the US national gymnastics teamFirst black gymnast to win a medal at the OlympicsFirst black gymnast to win the all-around individual event
Gabby Douglas is the first black athlete to win the all-around individual event.
She also won gold medals for the US in the team competitions at the 2012 and 2016 Summer Olympics.
This legend is Michael Jordan.
According to Fox Sports, The Bleacher Report, and ESPN, Michael Jordan is the greatest basketball player of all time, even over players like Bill Russell and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. He led the Chicago Bulls to six NBA championships and was named the NBA MVP five times. Larry Bird even famously said, "I think it's just God disguised as Michael Jordan."
First black swimmer to swim for the USFirst black swimmer to win an individual Olympic gold medalFirst black athlete to set a world recordFirst black swimmer to win a medal for the US
Manuel is the first black swimmer to win an individual Olympic gold medal.
At the 2016 Rio games, Manuel became the first black swimmer to win an individual Olympic gold medal with her record-setting performance in the 100m free, tying Canada's Penny Oleksiak. Manuel also won another gold and two silvers during that Olympics.
Let's See How Much You Know About These History-Making Black Athletes
If you don't know the greatness of Jesse Owens, Toni "Tomboy" Stone, or Joe Louis, do you even know sports? That said, maybe you're just not a sports buff. It happens.
You're not an expert just yet. But you definitely know a thing or two about the athletes who shaped sports into what we know today. Hopefully you learned something new by taking this!
Wow we're impressed. From the athletes that broke racial barriers and paved the way for equality in sports, to current athletes who are still making waves, you've got a good knowledge of your athletes.