BuzzFeed UK Style Guide

This is an addendum to the main BuzzFeed style guide for posts written in British English, primarily by BuzzFeed UK. BuzzFeed UK's preferred dictionary is Collins English Dictionary.

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Word list

Always use the British spelling of words such as "colour", "travelling", "centre", and "analogue". This is a good guide to the ways British and American spellings differ. Note that BuzzFeed UK (like most UK publications) spells words like "apologise" and "realise" with -ise, not -ize.

aeroplane (not airplane)

African-Caribbean (not Afro-Caribbean)

afterwards, towards etc (rather than afterward, toward etc)

ageing

airstrike

A-level

aluminium

alright (perfectly alright as an informal variant of all right)

among (not the old-fashioned amongst)

analogue (also catalogue, travelogue etc)

any more (not anymore)

apologise (also itemise, realise, recognise, sympathise etc)

Battle of Britain

bedroom tax (no need to put quotes around term)

bellend

black-cab driver (for drivers of black cabs)

breakup

Brexit

bubblegum

Brit Awards

'cos (for the abbreviation of because)

Central line (also District line, Hammersmith & City line, Northern line etc)

Channel tunnel

Chas & Dave

centre (also fibre, litre, metre, theatre etc)

colour (also flavour, honour, neighbour etc)

Corbynmania

cossie (colloquial term for swimming costume)

courts, one-of-a-kind: the Supreme Court, the High Court, the Court of Appeal etc

courts, generic types: Harrow crown court, Caerphilly magistrates' court etc

crown jewels

disability living allowance (DLA)

disabled people (not people with disabilities, which is US style)

Dr

the Doctor (when referring to the protagonist in Doctor Who; different incarnations are known as the First Doctor, the Twelfth Doctor etc)

East End (but see next entry)

east London, south Glasgow etc

ecstasy (for the drug)

Edinburgh festival, Edinburgh Fringe, the Fringe, the festival

employment and support allowance (ESA)

etc

euro, eurozone, Eurosceptic

filmmaker

foetus

food bank

football (not soccer)

freshers' week

fulfil

grey (not gray)

haemophilia, haemophiliac

healthcare

home in (not hone in)

hospitals: Royal Free hospital, Hereford county hospital, St Thomas' hospital etc

houseshare

hummus

inquiry

Irn-Bru

jewellery

jobseeker's allowance

jobcentre

judgment (not judgement)

King's Cross

licence (as a noun)

London Overground, the Overground

makeup

marvellous

maths (not math)

Metropolitan police, Yorkshire police, British Transport police etc

Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms

morning-after pill

national living wage (NLW)

no one (not no-one)

normality (not normalcy)

the North/South divide, but northerner, southerner

offie (slang for off-licence, i.e. alcohol shop)

oilfield

on to (never onto)

orangutan

paediatrics, paediatrician, paedophile, etc

per cent (although use % unless a number starts a sentence and needs spelling out)

personal independence payment (PIP)

phoney

PigGate

practise (as a verb)

programme (but program for software)

Ramadan, but Ramzan in India

royal baby, royal family, royal wedding etc

shitload, shit-ton

skilful

storey (when referring to levels of a building)

taser (as a verb), tasered, tasering, Taser (as a noun)

TfL (not TFL), aka Transport for London

the Queen

the TARDIS

the tube, the underground, but London Underground for the company name

think tank

ton(s) colloquially, and for the specific UK ton measurement of 2,240 pounds

tonne(s) for the specific measurement of 1,000kg

Trades Union Congress (TUC)

travelcard

travelling (also fuelling, modelling etc)

UKIP-er (for the term meaning supporter of UKIP)

union jack, union flag (the terms are interchangeable)

universal credit

wars: Iraq war, second world war, cold war etc, but World War II, the Great War

the West Country

Wetherspoon's, Spoon's (J.D. Wetherspoon for the company name)

while (not the old-fashioned whilst)

wilful

year 7, year 11 etc (for UK school years)

yoghurt

zero-hours contracts

Acronyms

Never use full stops ("periods" in American English) in acronyms, so write UK, US, UN, LA etc. Otherwise follow standard BuzzFeed style by putting all acronyms in caps unless they are more than five letters long, so write AIDS and BBC but Unesco and Unicef. Exceptions include TARDIS, TfL, and many government departments – see list of political terms for more.

Acronyms that will be familiar to an intelligent British audience do not need to be written out in full, especially if they're better known as acronyms. These include AIDS, BBC, CEO, CPR, HBO, HIV, ITV, MTV, PETA, PMS, TED, and UKIP. Use your judgment.

Collective nouns

Nouns such as collective, committee, family, gang, generation, government, jury, and team can be singular ("the government is launching a new initiative") or plural ("the government are squabbling") depending on whether they are thought of as a single entity or a group of individuals. Follow common sense and be consistent.

Nouns such as couple, pair, and trio can also be singular or plural, but are usually plural when referring to people, so write: "The charming couple were sharing an ice cream."

In general, police forces are plural and "police" is capped down: The Metropolitan police are investigating..., Yorkshire police are investigating..., British Transport police are investigating... etc. But they are singular and capped up when the force is being referred to as a single service: The Met is..., the Metropolitan Police Service is..., Police Scotland is, Norfolk Constabulary is... etc.

Contractions

Do not use full stops (periods) in contracted words such as Mr (Mister), Dr (Doctor), Jr (Junior), St (Saint), and vs (versus).

Courts

Initial-cap court names when the institution is one of a kind, e.g. the Supreme Court, the High Court, the Court of Appeal, the European Court of Justice.

When the court type is a local or generic one, initial-cap place names only: Derby magistrates' court, Cambridge crown court, youth court, family court.

Always use the apostrophe in magistrates' court.

Dashes

For dashes, always use an en dash (–) rather than the em dash (—) preferred in the US. Hyphens (-) remain hyphens.

Do not hyphenate "then" and "now" nouns, so write then prime minister John Major, now 23-year-old Ebeneezer Goode etc.

Dates and times

Write dates in the order of day/month/year without commas, like this: 9 July 2014. When abbreviating months, do not use full stops, so write 9 Dec 1981 (for example).

Write 9am and 10:35pm instead of 9 a.m. and 10:35 p.m.

Directionals

Cap specific defined regions such as the North East, the South East, East Anglia etc, and also cap conceptual regions such as the North, the South, the East End, and the West Country.

But decap non-defined regions and directionals: east London, north Glasgow, northeast Wales, the southwest of Scotland, eastern Europe. Also decap northerner and southerner.

Disabled people

In UK style, refer to "disabled people" rather than "people with disabilities". This is in line with the social model of disability, which argues that people have impairments, not disabilities, and are disabled as a result of barriers put in place by society. Never use the term “the disabled”.

Grammar

Avoid the US habit of dropping prepositions such as "on" and using "likely" to mean "probably". For example, "the meeting will likely happen Wednesday", which is perfectly acceptable in US English, is ungrammatical in British English and should be recast as "the meeting will probably happen on Wednesday" or "the meeting is likely to happen on Wednesday".

Another US habit to avoid is using "with" to form phrases such as "speak with", "meet with", "talk with" etc. Instead, say "speak to", "meet", "talk to".

Also: Don't say "protest a decision" – say "protest against a decision"; and don't say "different than" – say "different to" or "different from".

Job titles and honorifics

Do not cap up job titles. So write prime minister David Cameron, not Prime Minister David Cameron, and editor-in-chief Janine Gibson, not Editor-in-Chief Janine Gibson.

Military and police ranks are treated as honorifics, so cap when used before a name at first mention: Colonel James Mustard (thereafter Mustard or the colonel), Detective Chief Inspector Gene Hunt or DCI Gene Hunt (thereafter Hunt or the detective chief inspector) etc.

Peers should be referred to by the name they're commonly known as at first mention (e.g. Shami Chakrabarti), by their title and surname at second mention (Baroness Chakrabarti), and from then on by their surname (Chakrabarti). If they're commonly known by their title (e.g. Lord Leveson), use title and surname at first mention and then subsequently just their surname (Leveson).

The title Dr should only be used for doctors of medicine or science.

Measurements

Stick to US style for feet, inches, Fahrenheit etc.

For metric measurements, typically abbreviate like this: 9g, 9kg, 9km, 9cm, 9mm, 9ml etc. However, spell out litres and metres, so write 9 metres, 9 litres etc.

Write Celsius like this: 38°C.

Money

99p, £10, £5 million, fiver, five quid.

Use € sign for euros rather than spelling out.

Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland, along with the three countries that make up the island of Great Britain, is part of the UK. It can be described as a country or a region, but do not call it a province. Also: Do not use Ulster as a synonym for Northern Ireland (part of Ulster is in the Irish Republic). Residents of Northern Ireland can be described as Irish, Northern Irish, or British, depending on their personal preference.

unionist = in favour of political union with Great Britain

loyalist = not synonymous with unionist, although also in favour of political union with Great Britain. Usually implies support for a level of paramilitary action towards that aim

nationalist = belief in the unity of the people of Ireland. Usually indicates support for a united Ireland

republican = usually indicates support for the right to use violence to achieve a united Ireland

See the Northern Ireland section below for a list of related political terms.

Political terms

acts of parliament are capped, e.g. Psychoactive Substances Act

Autumn Statement

the back benches, a backbench MP, a backbencher

battlebus

bills before parliament are decapped, e.g. psychoactive substances bill

Budget

Comprehensive Spending Review

Cobra (for the UK government crisis response committee)

Downing Street, Number 10, 10 Downing Street (not Downing St)

DUP, aka the Democratic Unionist Party

freedom of information (or FOI) request

the front bench, a frontbench MP, a frontbencher

general election

home affairs committee, transport committee etc

Home Office, Department for Transport etc

home secretary, transport secretary etc

houses of parliament, House of Commons, House of Lords, Palace of Westminster

mayor of London, mayor of Liverpool etc

member of parliament, MP

parliament

party: usually lower-case (Labour party, Conservative party)

Prime Minister's Questions

Privy Council

Sinn Féin

spad

UKIP, aka UK Independence Party

UKIP-er (for the term meaning supporter of UKIP), Kipper

Welsh assembly, London assembly etc

Government department acronyms:

Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)

Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG)

Department for Culture, Media, and Sport (DCMS)

Department for Education (DfE)

Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)

Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)

Department for Exiting the European Union (DExEU)

Department for International Development (DfID)

Department for International Trade (DIT)

Department for Transport (DfT)

Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)

Department of Health (DH)

Foreign Office (FCO)

Ministry of Defence (MoD)

Ministry of Justice (MoJ)

Scotland:

first minister

First Minister's Questions

Holyrood (accepted shorthand for the Scottish parliament)

#IndyRef

member of the Scottish parliament, MSP

SNP, aka Scottish National Party

Scottish parliament

Yes and No ("a group of Yes supporters", "she voted No")

Northern Ireland:

Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), aka Democratic Unionists

Good Friday Agreement

IRA (no need to write out)

Ireland, aka the Republic of Ireland or the Irish Republic (not Eire)

Londonderry (but for the city, Derry can be used for subsequent mentions)

MLA (member of the legislative assembly)

Northern Ireland Assembly, subsequently the assembly

Sinn Féin

Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP)

Stormont

Troubles

Australia:

Labor, Australian Labor Party, ALP

parliament, Parliament House

Question Time

EU referendum:

in/out referendum

a Leave vote, a Remain vote, but In or Out fine for headlines and quotes etc

avoid Yes or No outside of quotes

Inners, Outers

plural of referendum is referendums (not referenda)

Brexit

Britain Stronger in Europe (aka Stronger In)

Grassroots Out (aka GO)

Leave.EU

Vote Leave

Quotes

When fragmentary quotations are used, punctuation goes outside the quote marks, "like this". If a whole sentence is included in the quote, "include punctuation. Like this."

Never include sentence punctuation in song titles unless it is part of the song, so write "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction", not "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction."

Always use double quotes ("like these") in headlines/deks and copy. Single quotes ('like these') are used only inside reported speech.

When using an en dash for attribution, style like this: “Quote.” – Person Who Said Quote

Recipes

In general, use metric measurements rather than imperial, and abbreviate them like this: 5g, 5kg, 5ml etc. Exception: Write out litres, like this: 5 litres, 1 litre etc.

For other measurements, keep a space after the numeral. Spell out teaspoon and tablespoon measurements like this: 5 teaspoons milk, 6 tablespoons sugar. Do not use cup measurements. Also note that certain everyday imperial terms such as pint are fine in the right context, such as if the recipe includes a pint of beer.

When describing cooking temperatures, always lead with Celsius.

For info on international differences in the names of foods, this is useful.

Royal terms

Titles such as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge or the Prince of Wales are capped at first mention, then subsequently decapped to the duke and the duchess or the prince. The exception is the Queen, whose role is always capped.

The Duke of Cambridge is also called Prince William, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, can also be referred to as Kate in headlines, deks, and lighter posts. She should never be called Princess Kate or Kate Middleton (her former surname), however.

Do not cap "royal" in phrases like the royal baby or the royal family.

Swearing

The word "cunt" is far less offensive in British English than US English, and is non-gender-specific as a swearword. It does not need censoring in posts unless quoted in a headline, in which case write "c*nt". For more information on British swearing, see the BuzzFeed guide to UK swearword usage.

Miscellaneous cultural notes for Americans

• French fries are called chips and often served with fish. Potato chips are called crisps.

• The gelatin-based dessert Jell-O is called jelly, while the stuff added to peanut butter sandwiches is called jam.

• Noodles refer specifically to the long strands of pasta you get in East Asian cuisine.

• Soccer is called football. American football is called American football.

• Sports as a general topic is called sport. (Sports is only used to refer to a plurality of individual sports.) In contrast, math is called maths.