The NSW government has announced that all adult cyclists will be required to carry a valid photo ID from March 2016.
The new rules were announced on Monday as part of a range of measures designed to improve bike rider safety.
NSW roads minister Duncan Gay announced a huge increase in fines for bike riders caught breaking the rules, including a $319 fine for riders caught without a helmet, an increase of $248.
Riders caught running red lights, not stopping at pedestrian crossings or riding dangerously will all now be fined $425, an increase of $374 for each offence.
Riders caught holding on to moving vehicles will be fined $319.
But there are new rules for drivers too.
From next year, all drivers on roads with a speed limit up to 60km/h must leave at least one metre distance when passing cyclists. Anyone driving on a road with a speed limit above 60km/h must leave 1.5 metres.
Drivers caught not allowing the minimum distance when passing a bicycle
rider face a $319 fine and a penalty of two demerit points. The new driver rules follow similar laws in South Australia, Queensland, the ACT and Tasmania.
The Amy Gillette Foundation, which promotes bike rider safety, has praised the move and called on other states to follow suit.
"The leadership shown in NSW today sends a strong message to those states yet to adopt the 'a metre matters' rule that the time to make the change is now, and that the community supports and expects it," AGF Chairman Mark Textor said.
Bicycle riders are also encouraged to allow pedestrians a metre of space on shared paths, where possible.
On average, 11 bicycle riders are killed and 1500 are injured in NSW each year.
Rob Stott is a news editor for BuzzFeed News and is based in Sydney.
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