Egypt From The Revolution To The Muslim Brotherhood

A lot has happened in Egypt over the last 18 months, culminating in the naming today of a new president. Here's what you need to know.

Posted on

Authoritarian ruler Hosni Mubarak resigned last February handed power over to the military, who joined revolutionary representatives in promising a new Constitution.

May 28: The liberals never had a chance. The military-backed Ahmad Shafiq and the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohamed Morsi are declared the final candidates in the Egyptian presidential election.

Shafiq served under ex-president Mubarak as prime minister, until the president was deposed. Morsi is the candidate representing the Muslim Brotherhood party, which won almost half of Egypt's parliamentary seats in December's legislative election- the Muslim Brotherhood advocates for a non-secular, non-violent society, although offshoots of the group have been connected to past violence in the Middle East.

Getty Images / Getty Images

Protestors of the election's May 28 results hold signs declaring "together to salvation for Egypt." 10 candidates were disqualified from the presidential race by the election commission in mid-April.

Getty Images / Getty Images

Afterword, demonstrations were bittersweet: many protestors in Cairo celebrated Mubarak's imprisonment but called for justice against six acquitted security chiefs.

June 14: Egypt's highest court invalidates parliament, and the military leadership known as the SCAF takes power.

Getty Images / Getty Images

The military forces say that they will choose a new council to draft a new constitution.

June 17th and 18th: Egyptian military forces assert the power to try citizens in military courts and make decisions on issues of "internal as well as national security issues."

Members of the military council reassure the press that they "will hand over power before the end of June." Meanwhile, some fear that the military's actions have the makings of a military coup.

However, reports of his death are exaggerated as he remains alive and in critical condition.

Getty Images / Getty Images

Egyptian military police stand guard at the entrance of a military hospital where ousted president Hosni Mubarak was transfered the night before after suffering a stroke in prison.

His supporters celebrate in Tahrir Square and around the country.

Getty Images

Egyptians throw Islamic scholar Safwat Higazi, a supporter of new president-elect, Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Morsi during celebration at Tahrir Square, on June 24, 2012. Tens of thousands packed into Cairo's Tahrir Square in the largest celebration the protest hub has witnessed since Hosni Mubarak's ouster, to celebrate their new president-elect.

Getty Images

Fireworks light up the night sky as Egyptians celebrate in Cairo's Tahrir Square the victory of Muslim Brotherhood member Mohamed Morsi in the national elections, on June 24, 2012.

And the world reacts.

Getty Images

Palestininans celebrate after Muslim Brotherhood's presidential candidate Mohamed Morsi's victory in the Egyptian election in Gaza City on June 24, 2012. There was celebratory gunfire in the Gaza Strip, which borders Egypt and is ruled by the Palestinian Islamic movement Hamas, which has its roots in the Brotherhood and close ties with it.

JEWEL SAMAD / Getty Images

The White House congratulated Morsi, with Press Secretary Jay Carney saying that President Obama looks forward to working with the new leader, but also calling on him to observe minority rights. "We will stand with the Egyptian people as they pursue their aspirations for democracy, dignity, and opportunity, and fulfill the promise of their revolution," Carney said.

This post was created by a member of BuzzFeed Community, where anyone can post awesome lists and creations. Learn more or post your buzz!