This is the pangolin:
It's basically the most majestic creature ever.
Not much is known about the pangolin's natural behavior because they're really shy.
Pangolins are related to anteaters, sloths, and armadillos.
They primarily eat ants and termites. It's estimated that an adult pangolin can eat up to 70 million insects every year. Because their diet is so specialized, pangolins tend not to do well in captivity and become sick when introduced to new insects.
They have long claws that are perfect for digging and climbing.
There are eight pangolin species. Unfortunately, all eight species are under threat of extinction.
Four are found in Africa and four in Asia. Their endangered statuses range from "vulnerable" to "critically endangered."
Major cause of threat? Humans.
Pangolins are coveted for their scales and meat. In China, pangolins are in danger of being "eaten to extinction" due to the creature being used as a cure for everything from cancer to palsy. The illegal trade in pangolin species has reached an epic scale, with the Chinese and Sunda pangolins now classified as Critically Endangered. As the populations of the four Asian pangolin species plummet, traders are now turning to Africa to meet the growing demand.
They're way more equipped to deal with natural predators thanks to being covered in super-thick scales.
They're basically impenetrable.
A pangolin's defense mechanism is to curl into a ball and stay that way until their predator grows frustrated and gives up. Which is actually pretty effective.
Just ask this lion:
They're also nocturnal and solitary.
They leave markings to communicate to other pangolins to stay away or, if it's mating season, to entice mates. In fact, they are so solitary that pangolins have been known to develop ulcers from stress when forced to be around other pangolins too long.
They're totally cool with their own offspring though.
Baby pangolins are born with their eyes open and are unable to walk. They get around by riding their mother's tail and clinging to her scales.
Their tongues can grow up to 27.5 inches long!
These are sometimes a full 16 inches longer than their entire body, and pangolins use their hard, sticky tongues to reach their food.
They also walk on their hind legs like little T. rexes.
The actual term is "faculative bipedalism." Their claws aren't suited for walking on, so pangolins use their tails as a counterweight to walk upright.