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Top 5 Reasons Why YOU'RE Committing Scientific Misconduct! Number 5 Will AMAZE You!

Christopher Bourgeois, Stephen Foskey, Grant Karber, Osamah Mian, John Sholeen, Alexander Yates | The University of Oklahoma FYRE project: 04/5/2017

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What is Scientific Misconduct?

Via technophilicmag.com

Scientific misconduct is any attempt, intentional or otherwise, to:

* Misattribute any data, regardless of its source

* Misrepresent data

* Circumnavigate legal or moral practices

* Facilitate these practices in others

1. Laziness and Incompetence

Characteristics of laziness include:

* Lack of time investment into one’s research, causing one to not follow the guidelines of regulatory agencies

* Not reviewing one’s work to ensure its scientific integrity

* Failing to follow proper procedures due to negligence

Characteristics of incompetence include:

* Improper training

* Misunderstanding of regulatory guidelines, leading to infractions

* Insufficient background information

2. Confirmation Bias

Via i.imgur.com

Examples of confirmation bias include:

* Keeping only data that agrees with the hypothesis

* Removing or manipulating data that which disagrees with the hypothesis

* Overstating the data’s implications

3. Over-ambition

A researcher's selfish drive to gain money, power, and recognition at the expense of the research’s scientific integrity.

The scope of a project can also lead to misconduct.

* If the scope of a project is too large and a researcher is overwhelmed, then the researcher may turn to plagiarism or misrepresentation of data.

* If the time frame of a project is too small for a large

* project, then the researcher may cut other corners.

4. Conflict of Interest

If someone does research for an organization—such as a business, government agency, or university—with specific interests, the results of research could contradict the organization’s desired results. Some examples include:

* Dairy industry conducts a study

* on the health effects of milk and

* ignores any negative results

* Researcher fabricates favorable

* results in order to receive funding

5. “Publish or Perish”

Often, scholars are under enormous pressure to publish successful research. Spending more time on comprehensive studies or reporting failed experiments can compromise funding, discredit a scholar’s reputation, and affect possible tenure positions in the future.

* Rapid and improper research can lead to

* other sorts of misconduct, such as mistakes

* and oversights or confirmation bias

* At it’s highest degree, scholars may fabricate

* false information in an attempt to keep up

* with a very competitive environment

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